After parliament was established in Norway in the year 1814, the newly established legislature held their meetings at Christiania Laerde Skole. In the year 1854, the grand hall located at Royal Frederick University was used by legislature. At this time, proposals for creating a parliament building had arisen. In 1833, the proposal to create such a building was voted down. In 1836, the work to create a permanent building for the legislature was started. There were 12 lots located in the central part of Oslo that were located between the east station and the Royal Palace. This area was approved to be used for the buildings by parliament.
There were several proposals made in regard to the architecture of the buildings. A design competition was held in 1856 and Wilhelm Von Hanno and Heinrich Ernst Schirmer won the competition. However, the proposal ended up being rejected because it looked too much like a church. Instead, the proposal provided by Emil Victor Langlet, a Swedish architect, was chosen. Construction of the building began in august of 1869.
The building was created using yellow brick and the details were made in light gray granite. It combines several styles including inspiration from Italy and France. One of the characteristic features of the building is the plenary chamber that is located in the semi-circle section located near the front of the building.
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