The town of Hallein was founded in the 13th century, but salt was mined here way back in prehistoric times. The long association with the salt trade is apparent from the town’s name: hall is the Celtic word for “salt”. The “white gold”, as it was called, brought wealth to the entire region for many centuries, until the 18th-century Counter-Reformation led to the emigration of the predominantly Protestant salt miners. Hallein’s Old Town, on the left bank of the Salzach river, is mainly 18th-century in appearance, following much remodelling. The church of St Antonius has a Gothic presbytery, but the rest is much newer. The painting of the Birth of Christ in the main altarpiece is by the last court painter of the Salzburg rulers, the Neo-Classical Andreas Nesselthaler. Hallein was the home of Franz Xaver Gruber who wrote Silent Night, and he is buried here. His house at Gruberplatz is now a small museum. The most interesting sight in Hallein, however, is the Keltenmuseum with its unique collection of Celtic objects which relate to the history of salt-mining in the area.

Hallein Photo Gallery

Hallein: 01 photo Hallein Hallein: 01 photo
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