Glarus is the Glarus canton capital in the country of Switzerland. Since 2011, Glarus has incorporated the municipalities of Riedern, Netstal, and Ennenda.
Glarus is on the river of Linth at the base of the Glarnisch foothills in the Alps. There are hardly any buildings left over from before the 1861 fire. The primary industries in Glarus are printing, plastics, textile, and wood.
The place is situated in the Glarner Mittelland on a wide valley floor between the river of Linth and the Glarnisch Mountain.
Before 2011, the municipality of Glarus had an area of about 27 square miles. Out of this area, 23# was put to use for agriculture, while 31% was covered in forest; out of the remainder of the land, roughly 2.7% was settled (roads or buildings) and the rest (about 43%) was non-productive land.
When Riedern, Netstal, and Ennenda were incorporated in 2011, Glarus municipality had an area of roughly 40 square miles.
Glarus had a population of roughly 12,300, when it was measured in 2012, and that included Riedern, Netstal, and Ennenda. When it was measured in 2007, about 24% of the population was composed of foreign nationals.
Over the last decade the population has grown at a 7.4% rate. The majority of the population (as of the year 2000) was German-speaking (about 86%), and Italian was the 2nd most commonly spoken language (about 5%), and Albanian was the 3rd most commonly spoken language (about 3%).
Glarus was first document in the early 800s in Latin as Clarona. It was called Glarus in German in 1178.
Glarus became the capital of the valley of Linth in 1419. In the 1700s and 1800s, the valley started to become industrialized.
After the French invasion of 1798, Glarus was turned into capital of Linth Canton. The whole canton’s administration moved to Glarus. However, the new administration had trouble in setting up and enforcing the new regulations. In the fall of 1802, the administrators of the Canton set off from Glarus for Rapperswil because of the problems they had encountered in Glarus. In 1803, the Linth Canton was dissolved, and Glarus became the capital of Glarus Canton.
Glarus has had a long and rich history, and you will see that for yourself if you visit the place. You can learn a lot by talking to local historians and townspeople who know about the history of the town.
Glarus Photo Gallery
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