Description of Mali

Mali is a landlocked country which is located in Western Africa. It borders Algeria to the north, Burkina Faso and the Cote d'Ivoire to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania to the west and Niger to the east. Mali is the 24th largest country in the world with an estimated population of 14,517,176. Its capital city is Bamako.


The history of Mali is dominated by its role in trans-Saharan trade, connecting West Africa and the Maghreb. The Malian city Timbuktu played an important role in the trans-Saharan trade from the 13th century, with the establishment of the Mali Empire.The Mali Empire became Islamic in the early 14th century, under Musa I of Mali. From that time until the 19th century, Timbuktu remained important as an outpost at the southwestern fringe of the Muslim world and a hub of the Arab slave trade.

Map and language

Its geographical co-ordinates are 17° 00' north and 4° 00' west.French is the official language in Mali despite the fact that the country has more than 40 African spoken languages.

Culture and holidays

The ethnic groups found in the country have their unique language and history. The country’s music and literature have been heavily influenced by longtime oral storytelling. At the wedding, traditional storytellers who are known as griots often perform and in other special events. Majority of the population are Muslim with indigenous and Christian as minorities.

Climate and weather

Mali is a country found in the arid desert zone in the north where temperatures go as high as 50°C during the day but can drop down to 5°C during the night. Sahel zone in the middle receives less than 500mm of rain each year and has daytime temperatures between 23°C and 36°C. The southern regions of Mali receives 1,400mm of rainfall annually and daytime temperatures vary between 24°C and 30°C. These southern regions receive rainy season from June to October. Alize winds bring s cooler weather from the northeast during the months of November to June.

Travelling and Tourism

Tourists travel to Mali through a wide range of transport system. This may vary from air travel, land travel or water travel. Most European visitors prefer using aviation to travel to Mali. The diverse cultural activities in the country attracts many tourists. Bandiagara escarpment offers a beautiful scenery where tourists can enjoy an amazing view. The National Museum of Mali is a fine showcase for a rich collection of earthenware pieces, statuettes, boubous, tapestries, masks and funerary objects. Lake Debo is one of the lucky place where a tourist can enjoy the scene of thousands of migratorybirds that spend the winter on this lake.

Vacation and destination

Mali eco tours and vacations are among the popular tours in Africa. Numerous luxury hotels, budget hotels and bed and breakfast hotels are available in cities like Bamako, Mopti and Gao. Budget-friendly flights are offered in Mali with CheapOair. Azalai Salam, Mande, Le Rabelais and Mirabeau are among the famous hotels in Mali.


Some facts about Mali

Population of country 13,796,354 people
Area of Mali 1,240,000 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent
Africa (AF)
Capital of Mali Bamako
Currency at Mali Franc (XOF)
Domain Zone .ml
Phone country code 223
FIPS code of Mali ML

Gallery of Mali


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Mali: 01 фото Mali

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Mali: 02 фото Mali

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Mali: 03 фото Mali

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Mali: 04 фото Mali

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Mali: 05 фото Mali

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Mali: 07 фото Mali

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Mali video guide

More information about Mali

Climate of Mali:

  • subtropical to arid
  • hot and dry (February to June)
  • rainy, humid, and mild (June to November)
  • cool and dry (November to February)
Terrain of Mali:

  • mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand
  • savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast
Mali also has such useful resources as: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower.

Top cities of Mali

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Bamako 1,297,281 people District de Bamako 12.65 x -8
2 Sikasso 144,786 people Region de Sikasso 11.3135 x -5.6697
3 Mopti 108,456 people Region de Mopti 14.49302 x -4.1942
4 Koutiala 99,353 people Region de Sikasso 12.39173 x -5.46421
5 Kayes Ndi 97,464 people Region de Kayes 14.4586 x -11.4352
6 Segou 92,552 people Region de Segou 13.4317 x -6.2157
7 Gao 87,000 people Region de Gao 16.27167 x -0.04472
8 Kayes 78,406 people Region de Kayes 14.4417 x -11.4341
9 Markala 53,738 people Region de Segou 13.7021 x -6.0659
10 Kolokani 48,774 people Region de Koulikoro 13.5728 x -8.0339
11 Kati 42,922 people Region de Koulikoro 12.74409 x -8.07257
12 Bougouni 35,450 people Region de Sikasso 11.41699 x -7.47899
13 Tombouctou 32,460 people Region de Tombouctou 16.77348 x -3.00742
14 Banamba 30,591 people Region de Koulikoro 13.55 x -7.45
15 Bafoulabe 26,823 people Region de Kayes 13.8065 x -10.8321
16 San 24,811 people Region de Segou 13.30335 x -4.89562
17 Koulikoro 23,919 people Region de Koulikoro 12.86273 x -7.55985
18 Djenne 22,382 people Region de Mopti 13.90608 x -4.55332
19 Yorosso 17,447 people Region de Sikasso 12.3536 x -4.7761
20 Kangaba 17,232 people 11.93333 x -8.41667
21 Kidal 11,643 people Region de Kidal 18.44111 x 1.40778
22 Dire 10,943 people 12.28333 x -10.96667
23 Kolondieba 10,041 people Region de Sikasso 11.0882 x -6.8926
24 Ke-Macina 9,848 people Region de Segou 13.9623 x -5.3572
25 Menaka 9,110 people Region de Gao 15.9182 x 2.4022
26 Goundam 8,456 people Region de Tombouctou 16.41453 x -3.67075
27 Douentza 8,054 people Region de Mopti 14.9951 x -2.9517
28 Tenenkou 7,471 people Region de Mopti 14.45722 x -4.9169
29 Niafounke 6,901 people Region de Tombouctou 15.9322 x -3.9906
30 Bandiagara 6,853 people Region de Mopti 14.35005 x -3.61038

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