Description of Latvia

Latvia is located in north-eastern Europe on the Baltic Sea. It occupies an area of 64,589 square kilometers, including land area - 62,046 square kilometers, and inland waters - 2543 square kilometers. The country stretches from north to south - 210 km, and from west to east - 450 km. The largest part of the territory of Latvia is covered by forests and farmland.

Latvia is located in the area of mixed forest zone of temperate climate, and the diversity of its nature is conditional on both geographical location and proximity to the Baltic Sea. The territory is known for the oceanic and continental vegetation types; there are many rare species of plants, most of which are protected. The main vegetation type in Latvia is forest; there are also swamps and biologically valuable grasslands. In Latvia, one can still find a large population of big predators – about 400 wolves (more than in whole north-western Europe) and about the same number of lynxes.

The most famous wild animals in Latvia are hares, roes, elks, wild boars, deer and foxes. Latvia has Europe's largest population of beavers. The bird fauna of Latvia is also rich: the Baltic Sea and its coast is a blessed place for nesting, rest and foraging, so for many birds from the far northern region of Eurasia Latvia is the traditional place of migration, after which they go to their wintering areas in Western Europe, Africa and the Middle East. In Latvia, there are 223 species of nesting birds, including very rare species such as the white-tailed eagle, black stork, and others.

There are many places in Latvia with towers for bird watching, and ornithological stations. Among all fish species in Latvia, the most common is freshwater fish, which can be found not only in lakes and rivers, but also in the waters of the Gulf of Riga. Latvia is one of the countries of the Baltic Sea, where still a large population of Atlantic salmon species is found.

Latvia borders on land with four countries - the Republic of Estonia, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Lithuania. The total length of the border is1862 km, including the length of the land border with Estonia in the north - 343 km, with Russia in the east - 282 km, with Belarus in the south-east - 67 km, and with Lithuania in the south - 576 km; the coastline length is 494 km.

The largest river of Latvia is the Daugava River, the length of which in the territory of Latvia is of 352 km (the total length - 1005 km), and its basin occupies 24.7 thousand square kilometers. The longest river of the country is the Gauja River - 452 km. The largest lake in Latvia is Lubans (80.7 hectares); the most profound is Dridzis (65.1 m). Ponds cover an area of ​​1149 square kilometers or 1.7% of the territory of Latvia. Most lakes are situated in the area of the Latgolys Upland, which has more than 40% of Latvia’s lakes.

Some facts about Latvia

Population of country 2,217,969 people
Area of Latvia 64,589 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Latvia Riga
Currency at Latvia Lat (LVL)
Domain Zone .lv
Phone country code 371
FIPS code of Latvia LG

Gallery of Latvia


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Latvia video guide

More information about Latvia

Climate of Latvia:
  • maritime
  • wet, moderate winters
Terrain of Latvia:
  • low plain
Latvia also has such useful resources as: peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land.

Top cities of Latvia

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Riga 742,572 people Riga 56.946 x 24.10589
2 Daugavpils 111,564 people Daugavpils Rajons 55.88333 x 26.53333
3 Vec-Liepaja 85,260 people Liepaja 56.53333 x 21.01667
4 Liepaja 85,132 people Liepaja 56.51667 x 21.01667
5 Jelgava 61,791 people Jelgavas Rajons 56.65 x 23.71278
6 Jurmala 54,088 people 56.968 x 23.77038
7 Ventspils 42,644 people Ventspils Rajons 57.38944 x 21.56056
8 Rezekne 38,340 people Rezeknes Rajons 56.5 x 27.31667
9 Jekabpils 27,078 people Jekabpils Rajons 56.49903 x 25.85735
10 Valmiera 26,963 people Valmieras Rajons 57.54108 x 25.42751
11 Ogre 25,818 people Ogres Rajons 56.8162 x 24.61401
12 Tukums 18,348 people Tukuma Rajons 56.96694 x 23.15528
13 Cesis 18,198 people Cesu Rajons 57.31188 x 25.27456
14 Salaspils 17,606 people Rigas Rajons 56.86014 x 24.36544
15 Bolderaja 14,771 people Riga 57.03132 x 24.05571
16 Kuldiga 13,289 people Kuldigas Rajons 56.97399 x 21.95721
17 Olaine 12,584 people Olaines Novads 56.78528 x 23.93806
18 Saldus 12,224 people Saldus Rajons 56.66363 x 22.48807
19 Talsi 12,022 people Talsu Rajons 57.24562 x 22.58137
20 Dobele 11,225 people Dobeles Rajons 56.625 x 23.27861
21 Kraslava 11,088 people Kraslavas Rajons 55.89514 x 27.16799
22 Bauska 10,532 people Bauskas Rajons 56.4075 x 24.19056
23 Ludza 10,514 people Ludzas Rajons 56.55 x 27.71667
24 Sigulda 10,422 people Siguldas Novads 57.15194 x 24.86472
25 Livani 10,073 people Preilu Rajons 56.35431 x 26.17579
26 Daugavgriva 9,952 people Riga 57.04315 x 24.03613
27 Gulbene 9,355 people Gulbenes Rajons 57.17767 x 26.75291
28 Madona 9,280 people Madonas Rajons 56.85329 x 26.21698
29 Limbazi 8,974 people Limbazu Rajons 57.51287 x 24.71941
30 Aizkraukle 8,840 people Aizkraukles Rajons 56.60477 x 25.25534

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