Description of Iran

Covering an area of 1,648,000 square kilometers, the Islamic Republic of Iran is situated in south-western Asia. The country shares borders with the Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north, with Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, and with Turkey and Iraq in the west. Iran is washed by the Persian and Oman Gulfs in the south. The total length of the land border is of 5.170 kilometers and the sea one - 2.510 km.

Located in the heart of the Middle East, Iran, like a bridge, connects the Caspian Sea, the largest water mass of the world with no access to the ocean, with the Persian Gulf. Moreover, it is an important crossroads between East and West. For a long time, Iran, being unique, was the meeting place of cultural, intellectual and political manifestations of West and East.

Iranian landscapes are diverse and unique. Landscapes of clear mountain streams, pomegranate and pistachio orchards, avenues of Lombardy poplars, seasonal camps of nomads, starry nights, rocky mountains, infinitely high peaks and lowlands, volcanoes covered with eternal snow, lush forests of mountain ranges of the Alborz and the Zagros Mountains, shores of the Caspian Sea, the Persian and Oman Gulfs are attractive and unforgettable. So, in winter in the warm waters of the Persian Gulf, you can go swimming and water skiing; the winter sports, such as skiing, can successfully be held in the northern and western mountains of the country, and at the same time on the coast of the Caspian Sea is pleasant spring weather.

According to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the common official language and script (alphabet) is the Farsi (Persian) language. The starting point for the official Iranian calendar is considered to be the Ascension of the Prophet Mohammed in 622 A.D., which marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Farvardin 1 (March 21) is considered the beginning of the new year in Iran, according to the solar calendar. Iran's national flag consists of horizontal green, white and red bands, depicting the symbol of the Islamic Republic of Iran and with the phrase "Allahu Akbar" (“God is great”) 22 times repeated on the edges of the bands.

More than half of Iran's population speaks the language of Farsi (Persian) and various dialects of the Persian language. The Persian language is notable for its inimitable brilliance and flexibility. As a result, many of the great literary works of the Eastern countries, especially which were under the influence of Iranian culture, from India to Asia Minor, were written in Farsi. Rich Iranian culture and the Persian language left its mark on numerous tribes of Central Asia, despite the briefly domination of Iran on them. Among them we find the greatest poets and writers who created their immortal works in Farsi, without being Persians.

Some facts about Iran

Population of country 76,923,300 people
Area of Iran 1,648,000 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Middle East (AS)
Capital of Iran Tehran
Currency at Iran Rial (IRR)
Domain Zone .ir
Phone country code 98
FIPS code of Iran IR

Gallery of Iran


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Iran video guide

More information about Iran

Climate of Iran:
  • mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
Terrain of Iran:
  • rugged, mountainous rim
  • high, central basin with deserts, mountains
  • small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
Iran also has such useful resources as: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur.

Top cities of Iran

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Tehran 7,153,309 people Ostan-e Tehran 35.69439 x 51.42151
2 Mashhad 2,307,177 people Razavi Khorasan 36.297 x 59.6062
3 Esfahan 1,547,164 people Ostan-e Esfahan 32.65722 x 51.67761
4 Karaj 1,448,075 people Ostan-e Alborz 35.8355 x 51.0103
5 Tabriz 1,424,641 people East Azarbaijan 38.08 x 46.2919
6 Shiraz 1,249,942 people Fars 29.6036 x 52.5388
7 Qom 900,000 people Ostan-e Qom 34.6401 x 50.8764
8 Ahvaz 841,145 people Ostan-e Khuzestan 31.3203 x 48.6693
9 Kahriz 766,706 people Ostan-e Kermanshah 34.3838 x 47.0553
10 Kermanshah 621,100 people Ostan-e Kermanshah 34.31417 x 47.065
11 Rasht 594,590 people Ostan-e Gilan 37.28077 x 49.58319
12 Kerman 577,514 people Ostan-e Kerman 30.29368 x 57.08123
13 Orumiyeh 577,307 people Ostan-e Azarbayjan-e Gharbi 37.55274 x 45.07605
14 Zahedan 551,980 people Ostan-e Sistan va Baluchestan 29.4963 x 60.8629
15 Hamadan 528,256 people Ostan-e Hamadan 34.79922 x 48.51456
16 Azadshahr 514,102 people Ostan-e Hamadan 34.79088 x 48.57073
17 Arak 503,647 people Markazi 34.09174 x 49.68916
18 Yazd 477,905 people Ostan-e Yazd 31.89722 x 54.3675
19 Ardabil 410,753 people Ostan-e Ardabil 38.2498 x 48.2933
20 Abadan 370,180 people Ostan-e Khuzestan 30.3392 x 48.3043
21 Zanjan 357,471 people Zanjan 36.6736 x 48.4787
22 Bandar 'Abbas 352,173 people Hormozgan 27.1865 x 56.2808
23 Sanandaj 349,176 people Ostan-e Kordestan 35.3144 x 46.9923
24 Qazvin 333,635 people Ostan-e Qazvin 36.2797 x 50.0049
25 Khorramshahr 330,606 people Ostan-e Khuzestan 30.4397 x 48.1664
26 Khorramabad 329,825 people Ostan-e Lorestan 33.48778 x 48.35583
27 Khomeyni Shahr 277,334 people Ostan-e Esfahan 32.70018 x 51.52113
28 Kashan 272,359 people Ostan-e Esfahan 33.98308 x 51.43644
29 Shari-i-Tajan 255,396 people Mazandaran 36.56297 x 53.05652
30 Borujerd 251,958 people Ostan-e Lorestan 33.8973 x 48.7516

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