Description of Greenland

Greenland is an autonomous constituent country which belongs to the Kingdom of Denmark. It is located between the Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans. Though it is part of North America, it has been political, ethically and culturally associated with Europe. The capital city of Greenland is Nuuk.


It is the life under the extreme conditions of Arctic. As 80% of the area is covered with ice cap today, it restricts the human activity. First humans arrived at the Greenland all around 2500 BCE. Decedents of those people died and succeeded by many other migrating groups. Until the 10th century, there are no evidence that Europeans know about Greenland.

After several years, during 2nd world war Greenlanders became both economically and socially less connected with Denmark and more to Canada and the United States.


Greenland has a coastline of 44, 097 km. It lies in between 59° and 83°N latitudes and 59° and 83°N longitudes. The land borders of Greenland include Atlantic Ocean in the southeast, the Greenland Sea towards the east, the Baffin Bay on the west and the Arctic Ocean in the North. The extreme points include the Gunnbjørn Fjeld in the high and the Arctic and North Atlantic Ocean in the low.


Greenland people are of several ethnic groups that include, Greenlandic Inuit (and European mixed), Danes and other Europeans. Greenland Language is Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) officially and the other languages are English and Danish.


The culture of Greenland starts after the ending of the ice age. In the tenth century, Norwegian Vikings and Icelandic got settled in the south part of the Iceland and in the North part Thule Inuit culture was set up which later spread to South. The culture of Greenland has a clash between these people.

By the end of the middle age to an early eighteenth century, the Inuit culture has dominated and where the culture of European is reintroduced.

Today Greenland is a blend of conventional Inuit and Scandinavian cultures. Inuit culture has artistic tradition strongly. It also has a small albeit music culture. There are popular Greenlandic artists and bands that include, Some (classic rock), Nuuk poses (hip hop), etc.

Greenland cuisine is mainly and traditionally based on meat that is through marine mammals, fish, bird, etc. which are rich in proteins. Since the advent of international trade, the cuisine has been influenced by Canadian and Danish cuisine.

Greenlandic culture has sport as the main part as the population of Greenland is generally active. Their traditional sport is Arctic sports that are a form of wrestling. Most popular sports include track and field, skiing, association football and handball.


Public holidays of Greenland include, January 1            (New Year's Day), January 6 (Epiphany), March or April (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter Monday), April or May 4th Friday after Easter (Store Bededag), May or June (Ascension, Whit Monday), June 21 (Ullortuneq), December 24 (Christmas Eve), December 25 (Christmas), December 26 (St. Stephen's Day) and December 31 (New Year's Eve).

Travelling and Tourism

Greenland tourism is relatively starting a business. The country has few historic sites to visit and spectacular sceneries. Main tourist activities include, sailing trips with the ice bergs, ice cap treks, iceberg seeing and hiking trips. There are many Greenland tours with attractive Greenland packages to visit those places.

Vacation and Destinations

The vacation and destination places of Greenland are, Nuuk (Aurora, museums, nightlife), Northeast Greenland National Park (Parks, polar bears, gray wolf, glaciers), Kulusuk (Polar bears, adventure, glaciers) and lots more destinations to visit.

Some facts about Greenland

Population of country 56,375 people
Area of Greenland 2,166,086 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent North America (NA)
Capital of Greenland Nuuk
Currency at Greenland Krone (DKK)
Domain Zone .gl
Phone country code 299
FIPS code of Greenland GL

Gallery of Greenland


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Greenland: 01 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 02 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 03 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 04 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 05 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 06 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 07 фото Greenland

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Greenland: 08 фото Greenland

Greenland video guide

More information about Greenland

Climate of Greenland:
  • arctic to subarctic
  • cool summers, cold winters
Terrain of Greenland:
  • flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast
Greenland also has such useful resources as: coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas.

Top cities of Greenland

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Nuuk 14,798 people Sermersooq 64.18347 x -51.72157
2 Sisimiut 5,227 people Qeqqata 66.93946 x -53.6735
3 Ilulissat 4,413 people Qaasuitsup 69.21667 x -51.1
4 Qaqortoq 3,224 people Kujalleq 60.71667 x -46.03333
5 Aasiaat 3,115 people 68.70981 x -52.86988
6 Maniitsoq 2,866 people Qeqqata 65.41667 x -52.9
7 Paamiut 1,862 people Sermersooq 61.99402 x -49.66776
8 Tasiilaq 1,829 people Sermersooq 65.61451 x -37.63676
9 Narsaq 1,633 people Kujalleq 60.91667 x -46.05
10 Nanortalik 1,509 people Kujalleq 60.14317 x -45.23715
11 Qasigiannguit 1,341 people Qaasuitsup 68.81926 x -51.19221
12 Uummannaq 1,299 people Qaasuitsup 70.67472 x -52.12639
13 Upernavik 1,129 people Qaasuitsup 72.78684 x -56.15485

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