Description of Greece

Greece is a country in Southern Europe, situated on the Balkan Peninsula. It shares borders with Macedonia, Albania and Bulgaria. The country is washed by three seas - the Aegean Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea in the west, and the Mediterranean in the south.

Large river systems could not be formed on a narrow and mountainous Greek peninsula. There dominate mountain streams - short, stormy, with picturesque rapids and waterfalls, usually flowing into the sea through narrow canyons. The longest river of Greece is Alyakmon (300 km). Other major rivers are Ebros, Nestos, Strymon, Vardar, and Aheloos. The rivers are not suitable for navigation, but rather play a major role as a source of energy. In Greece, there are over 20 lakes with an area of ​​10-100 square kilometers. The largest and deepest are of tectonic origin. They include the Lake Trihonis, Volvi, Vegoritis, and many cavern lakes. They are usually small and live mostly on groundwater. The largest of them is Ioannina.

The climate in Greece is mild and Mediterranean: winters are warm and wet, summers are hot and dry. In the lowlands, the summers are hot and dry and winters are rainy. Frosts are rare in the valleys, but in winter the peaks of the mountains are covered with snow. In addition to the sun and sea, Greece is rich in tourist attractions. Literally, every piece of Grecian land is full of history. It is not only the country with a developed tourist infrastructure, but also the ancient state, the cradle of ancient civilization. Furthermore, Greece is the birthplace of the Olympic Games.

Greece is one of the oldest countries in the world with a rich history and culture that contain myths and legends, philosophers and military leaders, scientists and poets. Greece keeps the illustration of those times, when the Hellenes worshiped pagan gods, when Alexander the Great conquered the world, when Socrates led his dialogues, and when Aristophanes wrote comedies. Majestic temples and statues, palaces and fortresses - all these illustrations of ancient times deserve to be seen at least once in your life.

Culture of Greece combines the best traditions of the East and the West. Athens is the oldest European capital, a city rich in monuments of culture, art and history. We invite you to immerse yourself in this beauty, either by visiting the mainland or its islands (Crete, Rhodes, Corfu, and Kos).

Some facts about Greece

Population of country 11,000,000 people
Area of Greece 131,940 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Greece Athens
Currency at Greece Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .gr
Phone country code 30
FIPS code of Greece GR

Gallery of Greece


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Greece video guide

More information about Greece

Climate of Greece:
  • temperate
  • mild, wet winters
  • hot, dry summers
Terrain of Greece:
  • mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands
Greece also has such useful resources as: lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential.

Top cities of Greece

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Athens 729,137 people Attiki 37.97945 x 23.71622
2 Thessaloniki 354,290 people Kentriki Makedonia 40.64028 x 22.94389
3 Piraeus 172,429 people Attiki 37.94745 x 23.63708
4 Patrai 163,360 people Ditiki Ellada 38.24444 x 21.73444
5 Peristerion 137,659 people 38.01667 x 23.7
6 Irakleion 137,154 people Kriti 35.32787 x 25.14341
7 Larisa 128,758 people Thessalia 39.63722 x 22.42028
8 Kallithea 107,767 people Attiki 37.95 x 23.7
9 Nikaia 94,608 people Attiki 37.96667 x 23.65
10 Kalamaria 91,617 people Kentriki Makedonia 40.5825 x 22.95028
11 Volos 84,425 people Thessalia 39.36667 x 22.94583
12 Acharnes 82,376 people Attiki 38.08333 x 23.73333
13 Nea Liosia 81,647 people Attiki 38.03333 x 23.7
14 Keratsinion 77,222 people Attiki 37.9625 x 23.61972
15 Nea Smirni 75,421 people Attiki 37.95 x 23.71667
16 Khalandrion 74,211 people Attiki 38.03058 x 23.79793
17 Vrilissia 74,034 people Attiki 38.03381 x 23.82962
18 Aigaleo 72,320 people Attiki 37.98333 x 23.68333
19 Amarousion 72,310 people Attiki 38.05 x 23.8
20 Marousi 69,470 people Attiki 38.05404 x 23.806
21 Nea Ionia 67,835 people Attiki 38.03333 x 23.75
22 Palaio Faliro 66,292 people Attiki 37.92066 x 23.70916
23 Ioannina 64,012 people Ipeiros 39.6675 x 20.85083
24 Viron 61,888 people Attiki 37.96667 x 23.75
25 Ayia Paraskevi 60,662 people Attiki 38.01667 x 23.83333
26 Kavala 59,240 people Anatoliki Makedonia kai Thraki 40.93972 x 24.40194
27 Galatsion 58,625 people Attiki 38.01667 x 23.75
28 Rodos 56,128 people Notio Aigaio 36.44083 x 28.2225
29 Serres 55,886 people Kentriki Makedonia 41.08556 x 23.54972
30 Chania 54,565 people Kriti 35.51222 x 24.01556

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