Description of Estonia

Estonia is located in Northern Europe. The coastline of the country lies on the Baltic Sea and on the Gulf of Finland. It shares borders with Russia and Latvia. This country is the gem of the Baltic and offers travelers a chance to view a dynamic land located on the shores of the Baltic sea.

Wonderful beaches are scattered up and down the coastline, but the season for swimming is quite short as the area is not known for having warm weather. The summer season is quite short and the winters in the country are quite severe.


Estonia was ruled by Germany, the Danish, Sweden, Poland, and Russia for more than seven centuries. The country finally gained independence in the year 1918. In the year 1940 it was annexed into the USSR. Independence was won once again in the year 1991 during the Singing Revolution. This was a non-violent revolution that was used to overthrow a violent occupation. The last of the Russian troops left the area in the year 1994 and since that time the country has moved to promote political and economic ties with Europe. The country is now one of the more prosperous past communist states. It has a high tech environment, an economy which is open and liberal, and the government system is transparent. However, it does have a low GDP as well as a low birth rate, which has resulted in a decline in the population. From 1991 through 2007 there was rapid economic expansion in the country, which led it to be one of the most developed and wealthiest of former soviet republics. The global recession damaged the economy quite badly, but it has started to recover as of recent years. Estonia has adopted the Euro as its official currency.

Since becoming a part of the European Union the country is quickly becoming one of the more popular destinations in the north eastern part of Europe. There was a 30% growth rate of visitors in the year 2004.

Things to See and Do

There are some great places to visit in Estonia, which is one of the reasons that the number of travelers has increased over the years. Many people first come to the country in order to see Tallinn, which is the most intact and best protected medieval city in all of Europe. Tallinn has been on the UNESCO’s world heritage list since 1997.

The people of the land lived under the rule of Scandinavian kings, the Russian Empire, as well as Teutonic knights and because of this there is a rich and unique blend of historic landmarks located throughout the country. There are over 1000 manors that were built around the country starting in the 13th century. There are some of the manors that are now ruins, but many are reconstructed and are some of the favorite destinations for visitors to the country. There are about 200 manor houses that are under the protection of the state as well as several architectural monuments with more than 100 being actively used.

When visiting the country you will definitely want to take the time to see the coastline and the islands. The nature here has been left mostly untouched and offers a different beach experience as they feel more remote and rustic. The public beaches are sandy and the average temperature of the water is about 18 degrees Celsius during the summer months. the shallow bays and the inland waters are warmer.

Saaremaa is the largest island and has a medieval castle that is well restored and still intact. It is located in the only city on the island, Kuressaare. On the island you will find thatched roofs, stone fences, homemade beer, and working windmills.

Hiiumaa is another island in the area that is known for its unspoiled nature, light houses, and the Hill of Crosses. Some of the other important islands include Muhu, Vormsi, and Ruhnu. Many of the other islands are not culturally significant, but can be a great place to go canoeing, for bird watching and for fishing.

Estonia holds a film festival every year that is quite popular. It is held in November/December and combines feature films with student, children/youth, and animated films. There are also music festivals held in the country each year. Tallinn Music Week is one of the most popular and it is held during the spring and showcases the best Estonian talent.

Some facts about Estonia

Population of country 1,291,170 people
Area of Estonia 45,226 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Estonia Tallinn
Currency at Estonia Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .ee
Phone country code 372
FIPS code of Estonia EN

Gallery of Estonia


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Estonia video guide

More information about Estonia

Climate of Estonia:
  • maritime
  • wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Terrain of Estonia:
  • marshy, lowlands
  • flat in the north, hilly in the south
Estonia also has such useful resources as: oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud.

Top cities of Estonia

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Tallinn 394,024 people Harjumaa 59.43696 x 24.75353
2 Tartu 101,092 people Tartumaa 58.38062 x 26.72509
3 Narva 66,980 people Ida-Virumaa 59.37722 x 28.19028
4 Kohtla-Jarve 46,060 people Ida-Virumaa 59.39861 x 27.27306
5 Parnu 44,192 people Parnumaa 58.38588 x 24.49711
6 Viljandi 20,309 people Viljandimaa 58.36389 x 25.59
7 Rakvere 16,736 people Laane-Virumaa 59.34639 x 26.35583
8 Sillamae 16,672 people Ida-Virumaa 59.39972 x 27.75472
9 Maardu 16,630 people Harjumaa 59.47667 x 25.025
10 Kuressaare 14,921 people Saaremaa 58.24806 x 22.50389
11 Voru 14,631 people Vorumaa 57.83389 x 27.01944
12 Valga 13,945 people Valgamaa 57.77781 x 26.0473
13 Haapsalu 11,805 people Khaapsaluskiy Rayon 58.94306 x 23.54139
14 Johvi 11,469 people Ida-Virumaa 59.35917 x 27.42111
15 Paide 9,735 people Jarvamaa 58.88556 x 25.55722
16 Keila 9,411 people Harjumaa 59.30361 x 24.41306
17 Kivioli 6,953 people Ida-Virumaa 59.35306 x 26.97111
18 Tapa 6,551 people Laane-Virumaa 59.26056 x 25.95861
19 Polva 6,504 people Polva 58.06028 x 27.06944
20 Jogeva 6,396 people Jogevamaa 58.74667 x 26.39389
21 Tyuri 6,138 people Jarvamaa 58.80861 x 25.4325
22 Elva 5,819 people Tartumaa 58.2225 x 26.42111
23 Rapla 5,684 people Raplamaa 59.00722 x 24.79278
24 Saue 5,022 people Harjumaa 59.32028 x 24.5525
25 Poltsamaa 4,764 people Jogevamaa 58.6525 x 25.97056
26 Saku 4,548 people Harjumaa 59.30222 x 24.65778
27 Paldiski 4,202 people Harjumaa 59.35667 x 24.05306
28 Laagri 4,135 people Harjumaa 59.35083 x 24.61418
29 Sindi 4,036 people Parnumaa 58.40056 x 24.6675
30 Kunda 3,764 people Laane-Virumaa 59.48417 x 26.56111

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