Description of Cyprus
Cyprus is an island located in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located just south of Turkey. It is the 3rd largest island located in the Mediterranean sea. While the island is geographically located in Asia, the political affiliations of the island are European. Cyprus is a member of the European Union.
Cyprus became independent from the United Kingdom in the year 1960. A constitution was written that guaranteed a share of power between the Turkish Cypriot minority and the Greek Cypriot majority. Despite this agreement the 2 populations, which were backed by the governments from Turkey and Greece, clashed in the year 1974. This resulted in Turkey occupying the north and the eastern 40% of the island. In the year 1983 this area that was held by Turkey declared that it was the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. This section of the island is only recognized by Turkey and all of the other governments of the United Nations only acknowledge the government for the Republic of Cyprus as ruling the entire island. A peacekeeping force is operated by the United Nations and there is a buffer zone between the 2 ethnic groups. Fortunately, there is very little open hostility found today and the 2 sides are inching towards a reunification of some type.
There are currently 6 administrative regions of Cyprus. Each of the regions is named for their capital. Since the year 1974 the entire Kyrenia district, a part of the Famagusta district, as well as the northern part of the Nicosia district have been occupied by Turkish forces. These areas are administered by the Turkish Cypriot community. Republic of Cyprus administers the Pahphos, Nicosia, Limassol, Larnaca, and Famagusta districts.
There are several destinations in Cyprus worth visiting. The Akamas Peninsula is a popular destination. Ayia Napa is located in the far east and is often referred to as being the main party town of the country.
In the Troodos Mountains travelers will find a range of activities. There is agro tourism destinations located all throughout the mountains including 9 UNESCO world heritage sites. Some of the more prominent villages in the area include Spilia, Chandria, Palaichori, Platres, and Kakopetria.
Lefkara is called the Lace Village and is located at the foothills of the Troodos Mountains. this is a charming town with a lot of character. Protaras is predominately a tourist resort that offers waters that are clear and sky blue combined with gorgeous sandy beaches. The most well-known beach in the area is Fig Tree Bay.
What to See
There are several destinations that you should plan on visiting while in Cyprus. There are numerous antiquities and archaeological sites all throughout the area that date back to the new stone age through the Roman Empire. You will also want to explore the coastline as it offers gorgeous views.
Nicosia is the capital and offers a great amount of history including the Venetian walls that surround it. There are some great restaurants and bars in the city. Here you will also find the green line that divides the Turkish area of the country.
There are a number of hotels and apartments that can be rented during your stay. Some of the hotel chains include le Meridien, Elias Beach Hotel, Holiday Inn, and the Coral Beach Hotel. You may want to consider a restored traditional house for your stay as these are available all throughout the country and offer a unique and lovely place to stay during your visit.
Some facts about Cyprus
Gallery of Cyprus
Cyprus video guide
More information about Cyprus
Climate of Cyprus:
Top cities of Cyprus
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