Description of Croatia

Croatia is located in the southeastern part of Europe. It shares a border with Italy, Slovenia, Herzegovina, Bosnia, Hungary, Montenegro, and Serbia.

The northern part of the country has a temperate climate and the central and the upland regions offer a mountainous climate. Along the coast the temperature remains mild during the spring and the fall. The winter months are quite cold and snowy in both the central and the northern regions.

Croatia is geographically diverse. There are flat plains that border Hungary and highlands and low mountains that are by the Adriatic coast.


The region was settled by the Croats during the early part of the 7th century. There were two principalities formed at this time, Pannonia and Croatia. The Trpimirovic dynasty was established around 850. This dynasty strengthened the Dalmation Croat Duchy. This along with the Pannonian principality started a kingdom in the year 925 under the rule of King Tomislav. The independent Croation kingdom lasted through 1102 when Croatia entered into a union with Hungary after a number of dynastic struggles. The Hungarian king ruled both countries. In the year 1526, Croatia severed its ties with Hungary and became an autonomous kingdom with the state of Hapsburg.

In the year 1918, there was a short lived Slovenes state formed by the Serbs and Croats. This area was later named Yugoslavia in 1929. There were many struggles in the area as well as political instability. During the 1990s and 2000s, there has been a period of economic growth in the country. In 2009 Croatia joined NATO and the country became a part of the European Union in the year 2013. The country is currently a functioning democracy with a robust welfare state and free market system.

Where to Stay

There are many great places to stay while you are in Croatia. The country was the first in Europe to create naturist resorts. Approximately 15% of the tourists that visit Croatia are nudists or naturists, with over a million people visiting the country each year. There are over 20 naturist resorts located throughout the country as well as a number of free beaches. These “free” beaches are unofficially nudist beaches and are sometimes maintained and controlled by tourist authorities of the area. Outside of the town centers you are likely to find nudists on every beach that you visit. The naturist beaches are marked with a FKK. Some of the more popular destinations for nudists are Rab, Hvar, and Pula.

Lighthouses offer one of the more wild holiday options to the country. Most of the light houses are located on the deserted coastlines and on the open sea. One of the best things about these tours is that you can cut yourself off from the rest of the world and simply take a time out to really appreciate all that is around you.


The cuisine in the country is quite diverse, which makes it difficult to determine what meals are typical of the country. In the eastern areas spicy sausage is popular and definitely something that you should try. Cobanac is a mix of several meats combined with red spicy paprika. Strukli is pasta that is filled with cheese that is considered a delicacy and is popular throughout the central part of the country. On the coast you will find truffle delicacies and many great soups. Currently you will not find a fast food place in the area. There are pizza places and hamburger joints around, but none of the popular north American chains are found in the country.


Some facts about Croatia

Population of country 4,491,000 people
Area of Croatia 56,542 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Croatia Zagreb
Currency at Croatia Kuna (HRK)
Domain Zone .hr
Phone country code 385
FIPS code of Croatia HR

Gallery of Croatia


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Croatia video guide

More information about Croatia

Climate of Croatia:
  • Mediterranean and continental
  • continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters
  • mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terrain of Croatia:
  • geographically diverse
  • flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Croatia also has such useful resources as: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower.

Top cities of Croatia

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Zagreb - Centar 800,000 people Grad Zagreb 45.81313 x 15.97753
2 Zagreb 698,966 people Grad Zagreb 45.81444 x 15.97798
3 Split 176,314 people Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija 43.50891 x 16.43915
4 Rijeka 141,172 people Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija 45.34306 x 14.40917
5 Osijek 88,140 people Osjecko-Baranjska Zupanija 45.55111 x 18.69389
6 Zadar 71,258 people Zadarska Zupanija 44.11972 x 15.24222
7 Slavonski Brod 60,742 people Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija 45.16028 x 18.01556
8 Pula 59,078 people Istarska Zupanija 44.86833 x 13.84806
9 Sesvete 52,411 people Grad Zagreb 45.83111 x 16.11639
10 Karlovac 48,123 people Karlovacka Zupanija 45.48722 x 15.54778
11 Varazdin 41,808 people Varazdinska Zupanija 46.30444 x 16.33778
12 Sibenik 37,112 people Sibensko-Kninska Zupanija 43.72722 x 15.90583
13 Sisak 35,748 people Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija 45.46611 x 16.37833
14 Velika Gorica 35,072 people Zagrebacka Zupanija 45.7125 x 16.07556
15 Vinkovci 33,314 people Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija 45.28833 x 18.80472
16 Vukovar 29,584 people Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija 45.34333 x 18.99972
17 Dubrovnik 28,428 people Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija 42.64807 x 18.09216
18 Bjelovar 28,275 people Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska Zupanija 45.89861 x 16.84889
19 Koprivnica 25,579 people Koprivnicko-Krizevacka Zupanija 46.16278 x 16.8275
20 Pozega 21,153 people Pozesko-Slavonska Zupanija 45.34028 x 17.68528
21 Zapresic 17,624 people Zagrebacka Zupanija 45.85639 x 15.80778
22 Solin 15,927 people Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija 43.55 x 16.5
23 Cakovec 15,867 people Medimurska Zupanija 46.38444 x 16.43389
24 Virovitica 15,665 people Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija 45.83194 x 17.38389
25 Samobor 15,221 people Zagrebacka Zupanija 45.80306 x 15.71806
26 Kutina 14,886 people Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija 45.475 x 16.78194
27 Metkovic 13,941 people Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija 43.05417 x 17.64833
28 Petrinja 13,868 people Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija 45.4375 x 16.29
29 Zupanja 13,842 people Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija 45.0775 x 18.6975
30 Rovinj 13,533 people Istarska Zupanija 45.08 x 13.64

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