Central African Republic
Description of Central African Republic
Central African Republic is located in the center of Africa. The country shares borders with Chad, Cameroon, South Sudan, Sudan, Republic of Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo. Until the early part of the 1800s the people of Central African Republic lived in the Sudanic zone of the continent and did not have a lot of contact with those outside of the area. Muslim traders started to penetrate the area during the first part of the 19th century and relationships with local leaders were developed and trade and settlement began in the region. When Muslims first arrived in the area it was quite peaceful. However, after the year 1850 slave traders penetrated the region with soldiers who were well-armed.
During the late 19th century, European penetration began. During what is sometimes referred to as the scramble for Africa, Belgium, France, and Britain all competed in order to establish a claim on territory located in the central African area.
In the year 1889, France created a post located on the Ubangi River located at Bangui. This was to become the capital of CAR. The French colony was named Ubangi Shari.
On the first of December in the year 1958 Ubangi-Shari took the name of Central African Republic and became an autonomous territory. Barthelme Buganda, the founding father of the area, died in 1959 in a mysterious plane accident. This was 8 days before the last colonial era elections. CAR gained independence on August 13th, 1960.
Since this time there have been several coups including a time where the area was under control of Jean-Bedel Bokassa, who was a self-declared emperor. There is periodic violence from several groups of rebels. This remains one of the most unstable, lawless, and dangerous nations in the world.
Visiting Central African Republic
It is important to note that in March of 2013, Bangui, which is the capital city of the country, was taken over by jihadist rebels. Since that time the country has remained relatively unstable. Travel to the country is discouraged as it is considered dangerous. If you must go into the country for any reason you will need to read more about entering a war zone and how to stay safe when traveling in this type of area.
There are a few interesting areas in the country that may be worth visiting one day if the political situation is ever under control and the country becomes safe for travelers. There are some Pygmy settlements located throughout the rainforests that surround Mbaiki.
The Manovo-Gounda National Park in St. Floris is on the World Heritage List from UNESCO. Another national park of interest is Dzanga-Sangha National Park which is home to elephants and gorillas. Chutes De Boali offers waterfalls that are 50 meters high.
To get into the Central African Republic you will need to have a visa and as of August of 2013 the border shared with Cameroon has been closed. Visas will take 2 days to process and they cost $150.
Some facts about Central African Republic
Gallery of Central African Republic
Central African Republic video guide
More information about Central African Republic
Climate of Central African Republic:
Top cities of Central African Republic
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