Description of Austria

Austria is officially called the Republic of Austria. Like many countries, the country name is preceded by “The Republic of”. Austria is a landlocked country with a population of roughly eight million people. It is located in Central Europe. It is bordered by Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, Slovakia, Hungary, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The territory of the country covers a little over 30,000 square miles. The country has an alpine and temperate climate. It has a very mountainous terrain because of the Alps. The country’s highest pout is a little over 12,000 feet. Most of the population speaks local German dialects. The official language of the country is German. Other languages spoken in the country include Slovene, Burgenland Croatian, and Hungarian. 

The Austria of today dates back to when the Habsburg dynasty was in swing, when the bulk of the country was under the aegis of the Holy Roman Empire. From the beginning of the Reformation, several Northern German princes, angered at the power the Emperor wielded, used Protestantism as a way to rebel against them. The Thirty Years War, the influence of France and Sweden, the rise of Prussia, and the invasions of Napoleon all hurt the power and authority of the Emperor in Northern Germany, but in the Southern areas, and in areas of the Empire that were non-German, Catholicism and the Emperor retained control. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, Austria maintained its position as one of the leading powers of Europe and, because of the coronation of Napoleon as the Emperor of France, the Empire of Austria was proclaimed in 1804. After Napoleon was defeated, Prussia rose as the primary competitor to take over larger Germany. Prussia defeated Austria at the Battle of Koniggratz in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, and it allowed Prussia to take over the remaining part of Germany. In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungery. After France was defeated in the Franco-Prussian War of 1789, Austria was unable to participate in the formation of a new German Empire, although in the next few decades, and its foreign relations, began to merge with those of the Prussian-led Empire. Throughout the 1914 July Crisis that happened after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the German Empire led Austria is giving the ultimatum to Serbia that would lead into the declaration of World War I. 

After the Habsburg Empire fell in 1918 at the tail end of the First World War, Austria took and used the name the Republic of German-Austria in an effort to unify with Germany, but it was forbidden because of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1919. The First Austrian Republic was set up in 1919. In the Anschluss of 1938, Austria was occupied by Nazi Germany. This lasted all the way until the Second World War was over in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allied Powers and the old democratic constitution of Austria was restored. The Austrian State Treaty of 1955 re-established Austria as its own sovereign state, which effectively ended the occupation. During that same year, the Austrian Parliament made the Declaration of Neutrality which affirmed that the Second Austrian Republic would be neutral. 

Now, Austria is a representative democracy that comprises nine states. The biggest city and capital, with a population of over 1.5 million, is Vienna. Vienna, Austria is a beautiful city with stunning architecture and culture, a lot of old and new, and it is a smart stop on an European city tour. Austria is also one of the wealthiest countries in the world. Austria has a very high standard of living, and it has belonged to the United Nations since 1955. It became a member of the European Union in 1995. Austria

Tourism In Austria 

Austria is a lovely country rich with history, traditions, activities, and beautiful sights that are only seen in Austria. It is the winter sports resort capital of Europe, along with Switzerland, of course. Austria is popular in the summertime as well. Its beautiful cities and villages and scenery of the Alps is incredible. 

Tourism is a major part of the economy of Austria, and it’s responsible for nearly 9% of the GDP. The peak travel times for Austria include February and July/August. 

Austria is in the top ten worldwide in international tourism receipts, with almost $20 billion. Austria gets more than 20 million tourists each year. 

Vienna attracts the majority of tourists, both in winter and summer. Salzburg gets about 20% of the tourist overnight stays that Vienna does, which follows it 2nd in the summer season. During the winter, the winter sport resorts in western Austria lead Salzburg in the amount of tourist overnight stays: Ischgl, Saalbach-Hinterglemm, Solden, and others. 

Tourist outings to Austria mostly entail trips to Vienna with its Cathedral, wine pubs, and romantic concert events. It is worth checking out Salzburg, which is birthplace of Mozart, Innsbruck, which is surrounded by the Alps, and the Danube valley with its world-famous vineyards. The landmarks that get the most visitors include Schonbrunn Palace, Tiergarten Schonbrunn, and Mariazell Basilica. 

There are a number of popular Austrian mountaineering, hiking, and skiing resorts in the Alps, and there are several recreation areas as well. A lot of tourists visit the Austrian lakes. 

Let’s take a look at some of the major tourist attractions in Austria. 

Melk Abbey 

Melk Abbey is a very well-known monastery. Melk Abbey sits high atop a cliff, and it overlooks the serene waters of the Danube river. This site used to be the castle that Leopold II lived in, and the building was given to the monks, who turned into a place of learning and tranquility in the 11th century. The abbey is one of the best examples of Baroque architecture and the lively liberal arts and music of the time.

Vienna State Opera

The Vienna State Opera is a magnificent architectural building in the center of the capital of Austria. It could be the most famous opera house of all time. The orchestra is generally regarded as one of the best in the world. You can watch a ballet or opera, and they are offered in both modern and classical versions for people to pick from.

Seefeld, Tyrol

Seefeld has twice been the site of the Winter Olympics, and it is a very important cross-country skiing destination with terrain that works well for beginner and intermediate skiers alike. Seefeld is on a nature reserve, and it is a great spot for cold-weather sports and warm-weather walking and hiking, as well. Seefeld has some of the best and most high-end accommodation in Austria.

Hohensalzburg Castle

Salzburg Castle is one of the biggest and best medieval castles in the entirety of Europe. It is located at the top of Festungsberg mountain, and it looks out over the city, adding to the beauty of the skyline. Salzburg Castle is an awesome piece of medieval architecture, and you should definitely see it if you visit Austria.

Hofburg Imperial Palace

Hofburg Imperial Palace is located in Vienna, and it acts as the official home for the President of Austria.

Some facts about Austria

Population of country 8,205,000 people
Area of Austria 83,858 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Austria Vienna
Currency at Austria Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .at
Phone country code 43
FIPS code of Austria AU

Gallery of Austria


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Austria video guide

More information about Austria

Climate of Austria:
  • temperate
  • continental, cloudy
  • cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains
  • moderate summers with occasional showers
Terrain of Austria:
  • in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps)
  • along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
Austria also has such useful resources as: oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower.

Top cities of Austria

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Vienna 1,691,468 people Vienna 48.20849 x 16.37208
2 Graz 222,326 people Styria 47.06667 x 15.45
3 Linz 181,162 people Upper Austria 48.30639 x 14.28611
4 Salzburg 150,269 people Salzburg 47.79941 x 13.04399
5 Innsbruck 112,467 people Tyrol 47.26266 x 11.39454
6 Klagenfurt am Woerthersee 90,610 people Carinthia 46.62472 x 14.30528
7 Villach 58,882 people Carinthia 46.61028 x 13.85583
8 Wels 57,946 people Upper Austria 48.16667 x 14.03333
9 Sankt Polten 49,001 people Lower Austria 48.2 x 15.63333
10 Dornbirn 43,013 people Vorarlberg 47.41667 x 9.73306
11 Steyr 39,566 people Upper Austria 48.04274 x 14.42127
12 Wiener Neustadt 38,481 people Lower Austria 47.8 x 16.25
13 Feldkirch 29,446 people Vorarlberg 47.23306 x 9.6
14 Bregenz 27,611 people Vorarlberg 47.50311 x 9.7471
15 Wolfsberg 25,610 people Carinthia 46.84056 x 14.84417
16 Baden 24,893 people Lower Austria 48.00543 x 16.23264
17 Klosterneuburg 24,843 people Lower Austria 48.30521 x 16.32522
18 Leoben 24,809 people Styria 47.38333 x 15.1
19 Weinzierl bei Krems 24,092 people Lower Austria 48.4 x 15.6
20 Traun 23,959 people Upper Austria 48.22656 x 14.23459
21 Krems an der Donau 23,932 people Lower Austria 48.40921 x 15.61415
22 Amstetten 22,832 people Lower Austria 48.1229 x 14.87206
23 Leonding 22,736 people Upper Austria 48.27965 x 14.2533
24 Kapfenberg 21,819 people Styria 47.44458 x 15.29331
25 Modling 20,710 people Lower Austria 48.08605 x 16.28921
26 Lustenau 20,218 people Vorarlberg 47.42642 x 9.65851
27 Hallein 18,980 people Salzburg 47.68333 x 13.1
28 Braunau am Inn 16,403 people Upper Austria 48.25628 x 13.04343
29 Spittal an der Drau 16,363 people Carinthia 46.8 x 13.5
30 Traiskirchen 16,212 people Lower Austria 48.01485 x 16.29324

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