Description of Argentina

Argentina is a federal republic, and it is located in the southeastern part of South America. Argentina encompasses most of the Southern Cone. The Southern Cone is a geographic area comprised mostly of the southernmost areas of South America. Historically, it covers Uruguay, Chile, and Argentina. To the west is the Pacific Ocean, and the closest continental area to the south is Antarctica. The Southern Cone has a very high life expectancy, a very high Human Development Index for Latin America, a high standard of living, and serious participation in the global economy. The Southern Cone is the wealthiest area of South America. Argentina is bordered by Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, the South Atlantic Ocean, Chile, and the Drake Passage. 

Argentina is the eighth-biggest country on the globe, the second biggest country in South America, and the biggest Spanish-speaking country in the world. Argentina has sovereignty claims over parts of Antarctica, South Georgia, and the Falkland Islands. 

Argentina is a serious regional power, and it is one of the major economies, and it is the third-biggest economy in Latin America. It is also a founding member of the UN and a number of other international organizations. Argentina has economic stability, a big market, and a huge share of the high-tech sector. 

The first recorded human presence in the area was during the Paleolithic period. The Spanish colonization began in 1512. Argentina rose to prominence as a successor state to a Spanish colony founded in 1776. There was a fight for independence from 1810-1818, and it was followed by a long civil war that lasted for several decades. The civil war ended with the whole country being reorganized as a federation with the capital city in Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires is still currently the capital city. A huge wave of European immigration radically transformed the nation, and the country enjoyed a period of increasing prosperity. At the turn of the 20th century, it was the seventh richest developed nation in the world. It suffered through a slow decline after 1930, however. It went through a period of political instability and economic problems.

Tourism In Argentina 

Tourism in Argentina is common because of its rich cultural offerings and many natural assets. The country gets more than five million visitors each year, and it is the number one destination in South America, and it is the second in South America after Mexico. Revenues from tourism are over five billion each year. Buenos Aires, the country’s capital city, is the most visited area in South America. 

Some of the major tourist destinations include the capital, Buenos Aires, as well as Iguaza National Park, Los Alerces National Park and Los Glaciares National Park. 

Buenos Aires is in the middle of a major tourist boom period. In the noteworthy and widely-read Travel + Leisure Magazine, travelers rated Buenos Aires nearly as good as Florence, Italy. Buenos Aires is sometimes called the “Paris of Latin America”, and it has stunning architecture, a wonderful nightlife, and great shopping. Buenos Aires is certainly a must-see city in South America, and maybe the best city on the continent to visit. 


The patagonic area is comprised of the provinces of Tierra del Fuego, Santa Cruz, Chubut, Rio Nego, Neuquen, and La Pampa. 

Los Glaciares National Park is the site where glaciers drain from the Southern Patagonian Ice Field into the Lago Argentino, blocking a bay until the water pressure blows through the ice dam. You can get to the park through the city of Calafate. The Perito Moreno Glacier is one of the most popular sights. 

Ushuaia is the southernmost city in the entire world, and you can visit in Tierra del Fuego. It is a commonly visited destination of southern Patagonia. 

Bariloche is a city in the province of Rio Negro, located in the foothills of the Andes, surrounds by several lakes and mountains. It is a famous skiing destination, and it is also excellent for sight-seeing, climbing, and trekking. It is a popular family destination. Cerro Catedral is one of the most important skiing destinations in South America. 

Punta Tombo is a coastal region, and there is a massive amount of wildlife there - it is the breeding ground of Magellanic penguins. If you visit during the right season, you can see them all congregating there. Be sure to take a video camera so that you’ll have a lot of memories when you return home. 

Peninsula Valdes is well-known as one of the best spots in Argentina to see wildlife, mostly sea mammals. You can spot sea lions, elephant seals, Magellanic penguins, and orcas. 

Santa Cruz Province its known for its historic landmarks and remoteness. 

UNESCO World Heritage Sites 

There are several World Heritage Sites in Argentina, such as Iguazu National Park, Cave of the Hands, Jesuit missions, Peninsula Valdes, and Los Glaciares National Park, amongst others. 

National Parks 

Argentina has a massive National Park system, preserving much of the natural beauty in the country, and it includes more than a dozen national parks.

Tourist Attractions 

Ibera Wetlands 

The Ibera Wetlands are the second-biggest wetlands in the world outside of the Pantanal in Brazil. It is an awesome paradise for people tha glove nature. It has some of the most amazing wildlife in all of Argentina. Visitors can spot armadillos, maned wolves, howler monkeys, pampas deer, and capybaras. 


Ushuaia is on the Beagle Channel. It is thought to be the southernmost city on the globe. It was once used as a missionary base, naval base, and penal colony, but it is currently a big tourist attraction. It has restaurants, hotels, and casinos on-site. The town is a good launching-off point for cruises, skiing, and hiking. 

The Mendoza Wine Region 

The Mendoza wine region is the center of the winemaking industry in Argentina. The vineyards are planted at some of the highest altitudes on the globe. If you want to tour the vineyards, go to the city of Mendoza. 

Monte Fitz Roy 

Monte Fitz Roy is a very high mountain in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field on the border between Chile and Argentina. The mountain attracts lots of nature photographers from around the world. It was first ascended in 1952. 

Beagle Channel 

The Beagle Channel is a strait in the Tierra del Fuego Archipelago, in the southernmost part of Argentina. The channel is one of the three passages around South America. A boat trip is the best way to see it.

Some facts about Argentina

Population of country 41,343,201 people
Area of Argentina 2,766,890 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent South America (SA)
Capital of Argentina Buenos Aires
Currency at Argentina Peso (ARS)
Domain Zone .ar
Phone country code 54
FIPS code of Argentina AR

Gallery of Argentina


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Argentina video guide

More information about Argentina

Climate of Argentina:
  • mostly temperate
  • arid in southeast
  • subantarctic in southwest
Terrain of Argentina:
  • rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border
Argentina also has such useful resources as: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium.

Top cities of Argentina

City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Buenos Aires 13,076,300 people Buenos Aires F.D. -34.61315 x -58.37723
2 Cordoba 1,428,214 people Provincia de Cordoba -31.4135 x -64.18105
3 Rosario 1,173,533 people Provincia de Santa Fe -32.94682 x -60.63932
4 Mendoza 876,884 people Provincia de Mendoza -32.89084 x -68.82717
5 San Miguel de Tucuman 781,023 people Provincia de Tucuman -26.82414 x -65.2226
6 La Plata 694,167 people Provincia de Buenos Aires -34.92145 x -57.95453
7 Mar del Plata 553,935 people Provincia de Buenos Aires -38.00228 x -57.55754
8 Quilmes 518,788 people Provincia de Buenos Aires -34.72418 x -58.25265
9 Salta 512,686 people Salta -24.7859 x -65.41166
10 Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz 489,505 people Provincia de Santa Fe -31.63333 x -60.7
11 San Juan 447,048 people Provincia de San Juan -31.5375 x -68.53639
12 Resistencia 387,158 people Provincia del Chaco -27.46056 x -58.98389
13 Santiago del Estero 354,692 people Provincia de Santiago del Estero -27.79511 x -64.26149
14 Corrientes 339,067 people Provincia de Corrientes -27.4806 x -58.8341
15 Posadas 312,060 people Provincia de Misiones -27.36708 x -55.89608
16 San Salvador de Jujuy 305,891 people Provincia de Jujuy -24.19456 x -65.29712
17 Bahia Blanca 276,546 people Provincia de Buenos Aires -38.7196 x -62.27243
18 Parana 262,295 people Provincia de Entre Rios -31.73197 x -60.5238
19 Neuquen 242,092 people Provincia del Neuquen -38.95161 x -68.0591
20 Formosa 221,383 people Provincia de Formosa -26.17753 x -58.17814
21 San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca 188,812 people Provincia de Catamarca -28.46957 x -65.78524
22 San Luis 183,982 people Provincia de San Luis -33.29501 x -66.33563
23 La Rioja 162,620 people Provincia de La Rioja -29.41105 x -66.85067
24 Rio Cuarto 153,757 people Provincia de Cordoba -33.13067 x -64.34992
25 Concordia 145,210 people Provincia de Entre Rios -31.39296 x -58.02089
26 Comodoro Rivadavia 140,850 people Provincia del Chubut -45.86667 x -67.5
27 San Nicolas de los Arroyos 127,742 people Provincia de Buenos Aires -33.33578 x -60.22523
28 Santa Rosa 111,424 people Provincia de La Pampa -36.61667 x -64.28333
29 San Rafael 109,163 people Provincia de Mendoza -34.61772 x -68.33007
30 Tandil 104,325 people Provincia de Buenos Aires -37.32167 x -59.13316

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