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Praha

Praha - description of the city:

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and the administrative center of the Central Bohemian region. It is located on the River Vltava. Prague’s territory was inhabited since the 4th century B.C. In the 5th century B.C., it was occupied by the Boii people, in the 6th century A.D. – by the Slavs. Archaeological finds in the territory of Prague gave name to the Prague’s culture - one of the oldest Slavic cultures. As a city, Prague dates back to the 10th century, when it became the capital of the Czech state. In 973, there was founded the bishopric (since 1344 - archbishopric). In the 14-15th centuries, Prague was an important cultural center of the Holy Roman Empire. During the rule of Emperor Charles IV, who was also a Czech King Charles I, there was high-powered construction in Prague. Then, in 1348, the Charles University was founded in the city, the oldest Slavic University. At this time Prague gained the glory as a city of the alchemists. In the 15th century, Prague was one of the centers of the Hussite movement to reform the church. At the junction of the 16 and 17th centuries, the city served as the residence of the Emperor Rudolf II. During his reign, Prague became a recognized world center of gold production. Since 1918, it was the capital of the Czechoslovak Republic. In March 1939, the city was occupied by Nazi troops. But on May 9, 1945, it was liberated by the Soviet Army.

Currently Prague is home to 1.215 million people. There is an international airport and a subway. It is the important transport, industrial and cultural center of the country. Main industries include machinery (machine tools, transportation, electrical, etc.), chemical, textile, clothing, printing, and food processing industry. Except for the Charles University, the city has the University of November 17, the School of Engineering, the Academy of Science, the Academy of Fine Arts, and several libraries. There is also a well-known philological school, the so-called Prague Linguistic Circle. The city has many theaters. Museums include the National Gallery, the National Museum, the Art and Industry Museum, the War Museum, the Museum of the City of Prague and others. The vestries of Prague cathedrals are collections of masterpieces of gold production. The historic core of the city is the Prague Castle with the Gothic St. Vitus’ Cathedral (14-20th centuries) and the Royal Palace (12-18th centuries). Other monuments consist of the Belvedere Palace of the Renaissance style (16th century), numerous buildings of the Gothic and Baroque styles, building of the late 19th century in the spirit of eclecticism (the National Museum, the National Theatre), and modern public buildings (the Polytechnic Institute and others). Numerous bridges, the medieval and the modern ones, give the special charm to the city. Prague is known for the oldest synagogue in Europe (13th century) and the Jewish Museum. Prague’s synagogues remained even during the Nazi occupation. Hitler intended to create there a museum of an extinct race. Prague is the place of the action of many books of the well-known mystic writer Gustav Meyrink.

Country Czech Republic
International title Praha
Population 1,165,581 people
Timezone Europe/Prague
State Hlavni mesto Praha
Geographic coordinates Latitude: 50.08804 x Longitude: 14.42076

Photo Galery Praha

Sightseeing in Praha
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Famous places of Praha
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Acquaintance to Praha
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Praha - places of Interest
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The beauty of Praha
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Unknown Praha
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Places of interest in Praha
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Views of Praha
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Nowadays of Praha
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Places to visit in Praha
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Spending days in Praha
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Magic world of Praha
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Praha video guide

Places to visit in Praha

Famous Places

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