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Zillis

Zillis Introduction 

Zillis is located in the Hinterrhein district, and it is a municipality in the Graubunden canton. It has a population of just a little over 400.

History 

Zillis-Reischen was formed in the late 1800s with the merger of the formerly individual municipalities of Zillis and Reischen. Zillis was initially mentioned in the first half of the 800s as Ciranes. Reischen was first described in the early 1200s as de Rexeno

The site of the municipality was filled with people prior to that, first as a Roman settlement. It dates back to the 500s or 600s. There was also a number of 10th century coins discovered there, and the coins indicate that the place was a major trading center at that time. 

The first Zillis church goes all the way back to the 400s. It is a three-apse church, and it is from the 700s. In the year 840, the St. Martin parish church was first written about. King Otto ! gave the church to a bishop in 940. However, the gift did not include the property of the church, was was four big farms in Rheinwald and Schams. 

In 1473, the Viamala road across the Alps was opened up, which increased traffic on the San Bernardino and SPlugen passes. The small villages really grew with the additionanl trade.

Geography 

The municipality has an area, when the data was collected in 2006, of about 9.5 square miles. Of this land, about 33% is for agriculture, while about 43% is forest-covered. Of the remaining land, about 2% is developed (roads or buildings) and the remaining part (about 23%) is unproductive (mountains, glaciers, or rivers). 

It is located in the district of Hinterrhein, in the sub-district of Schams. The municipality was made bigger with the unification of the formerly independent municipalities of Zillis and Reischen.

Demographics 

There are a little over 400 people living in the municipality. When the data was taken in 2008, about 7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the past decade the population has changed at about a 7% rate.

Languages 

The majority of the population is German-speaking (about 80%), and the second most common language is Romansch (about 13%). The third most common language is Italian (close to 2%).

Swiss Heritage Sites of National Significance 

The very church built in Zillis in the 400s is a famous Swiss heritage site. It is a three-apse church.

Zillis Photo Gallery

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