Svalbard used to be known as Spitsbergen, which is its Dutch name. It is an archipelago in Norwegian territory, and it has an Arctic climate. It is in the Arctic Ocean. It is located to the north of Europe, and it is roughly midway between the North Pole and Norway. Svalbard is a group of islands, and the largest one is Spitsbergen. The next two largest islands are Nordaustlandet and Edgeoya.
The group of islands isn’t part of any official Norwegian country, but it a governor appointed by the state governs it. It is an unincorporated area. The primary settlement of Svalbard, Longyearbyen, has always had a local government that is regularly elected. It is sort of similar to the municipalities on the mainland. Some of the other settlements on the archipelago include Barentsburg, which is a Russian mining community, as well as the mining outpost of Sveagruva and the research station of Ny-Alesund. Svalbard is the northernmost destination in the world with a permanent resident population.
The islands were first used as a whaling base in the last few centuries, but they were left abandoned after that. Coal mining started at the turn of the 20th century, and a number of permanent resident communities were established. There was a treaty and an act that made Svalbard a real part of the Kingdom of Norway. There was the Svalbard Treaty of 1920 and the Svalbard Act of 1925. They also set up Svalbard as a demilitarized zone and a free economic zone. The Russian Arktikugol and the Norwegian Store Norske are the only two mining companies that are still there. Tourism and research are important industries that help supplement the income of the region. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault and the University centre in Svalbard are a few of the major tourism and research sites. There are no roads that link up the settlements. Instead, there are boats, aircraft, and snowmobiles that serve as transport between the communities The primary gateway is Svalbard Airport, Longyear.
The archipelago has a mostly Arctic climate, but it has much higher temperatures than areas along the same latitude. If you’re thinking of visiting, then you’re in luck. You should dress warm, but you’re not going to be as cold if you were visiting other areas on the same latitude. There are seven national parks in the area, and it is a great place to see Norwegian flora and fauna.
Svalbard Photo Gallery
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