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Schwyz

Schwyz Introduction

The village of Schwyz, with a population of about 14,00, is the capital of the Schwyz Canton in Switzerland.

History

The word Schwyz is first used in 972, and it is as the village Suittes. It might be related to the old German suedan, which is translated as “to burn”. It refers to the part of the forest that was burned down and cleared to build. The name was used for the area dominated the Canton of Schwyz and then to the whole Old Swiss Confederacy. Other cantons seemed to resent this in the 1400s, but after the turn of the century, the word Schywzer was used extensively. It was mostly used out of spite, however, because the word had been used as a word of abuse during the Swabian War, by the Swabian side. Both Schwyzterland and Eidgenossenschaft could be used interchangeably as country names in the 1500s. Nowadays, Swiss-German people just use the term “Schwizz”, which comes from Schwyz as the Swiss name for the country. 

It’s interesting that these names have such a deep and rich history, and how they reflect the circumstances and events of the past. One can learn a lot about an area by the name, at least in this case. Now that you’ve had your little history lesson on the subject, it might be time for you to visit it yourself.

Geography

When it was measured in 2006, Schwyz had an area of about 21 square miles. Out of this total area, about 46% is put to use for agriculture, while about 39% is covered in forest. Out of the remainder of the land, about 9% is settled (roads or buildings) and the rest of the land (about 6%) is non-productive (mountains, glaciers, or rivers).

Demographics

When it was measured in 2012, Schwyz had a population of about 14,600. When it was measured in 2008, about 16% of the population was foreign nationals. 

When it was measured in 2008, the population was roughly 50% male and 50% female.

Religion

When it was measured in 2000, about 82% of the population was Roman Catholic. About 5% of the population were members of the Swiss Reformed Church.

Education

About 35% of the population has completed their upper secondary education and about 11% has completed further higher education.

Schwyz Photo Gallery

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