What Is The FrauMunster?
The FrauMunster is sometimes used to refer to the FrauMunster Church. Its literal English translation is “Women’s Minster”, but it is sometimes inappropriately translated as “Our Lady Minister”. It is located in Zurich, in Switzerland, and it is the capital of Fraumunster Abbey. It has a theocratic form of government. It is a church that was developed on the remains of an old abbey for women which was founded in the 9th century by a nobleman for his daughter. He gave the convent the lands of Uri, Zurich, and the Albis forest, and he also granted the convent immunity, putting it under the authority of his district. Now, it is one of the three biggest churches in Zurich, and St. Peter’s Church and Grossmunster complete the trio.
Around the year 1050, King Henry the 3rd gave the convent the right to have markets, collect tolls, and create coins, and basically made the convent the center of administration in the city.
Emperor Frederick the 2nd gave the abbey the right to be territorially independent of everyone except the Emperor, and he increased the political power of the convent. The abbess was in charge of assigning the mayor, and she frequently gave the task of minting coins to people living in the city. Elisabeth of Wetzikon was one of the most famous abbesses during this period of great power for the convent.
However, the convent’s political power went down in the 1300s, starting with the establishment of the guild laws by a man named Rudolf Brun, who would also become the first independent mayor of the city, someone who wasn’t assigned by the abbess.
The power of the convent was dissolved in the 16th century during the reformation. The monastery buildings were destroyed around 1900 to clear out room for the new Stadthaus. The church building now serves as a parish church one of reformed parishes in the city. The town square, Munsterhof, is named after the abbey.
The abbey’s choir has five big stained glass windows that were created by Marc Chagall and put in in 1970. Each of the five windows has a main color and illustrates a story from the Bible. The five works, from right to left, are Law, Zion, Christ, Jacob, and Prophets. These stained glass windows are extremely beautiful, and you would be unwise to miss them if you are visiting FrauMunster.
FrauMunster Photo Gallery
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