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Delemont

Delemont Overview

Delemont is Jura canton’s capital. The city has about 12,000 residents.

Geography 

Delemont has a total area of 8.5 square miles. Out of this area, roughly 3.15 square miles (or 42%) is covered in forest. Out of the remainder of the land, 1.7 square miles (or 2%) is settled (roads or buildings), less than one square mile (or roughly 1%) is either lakes or rivers and about five acres is unproductive land. 

Of the area that is built up, industrial buildings make up about 3% of the area while buildings and housing make up about 10% and infrastructure for transportation makes up about 5%. Infrastructure for water and power as well as other specially developed areas make up about 1% of the area while sports fields, green belts, and parks make up about 1%. Out of the land that is covered in forest, about 40% of the whole land area is covered in heavy forest and roughly 2% is covered with little clusters of trees and orchards. Of the land that is put to use for agriculture, about 18% is used for crops and 12% is for pastures. 100% of the water there is flowing water. 

Delemont is about 19 miles to the southwest of Basel, about halfway between Bienne and Basel. It goes along either side of the Some, right before it goes into the Birs on the Delmeont valley’s northern edge. 

The area of the municipality is mostly used for cultivation.

Demographics 

Delemont has a population of about 12,000. When it was measured in 2008, 24% of the resident population was nationals from foreign countries. Over the last decade the population has changed at a roughly 2% rate. 

The majority of the population speaks French (about 84%) as their native language. The 2nd most commonly spoken language is Italian (at about 4%). The 3rd most commonly spoken language is German (at roughly 3% or so). There are just five people in the municipality who speak Romansh.

Economy 

The city started off as a major manufacturing and trading center. Only about one quarter of the population was still taking part in agriculture. In the 1800s, industrialization started, led by cement, cigar, machine, watchmaking, and steel. 

One of the most well known firms based in the municipality is Wenger. 

In the present day, Delemont is the governmental and economic hub of the canton.

Delemont Photo Gallery

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