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Nigeria

Description of Nigeria

Nigeria’s official name is the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Its official language is English. The country’s political capital is Abuja, the economic one is Lagos. Nigeria is a country with a low level of income; according to its population, is also the largest African country with rich natural potential. It is known for being an oil exporter. From 1861 to 1960, Nigeria was one of the colonies of Great Britain, but in 1960 gained its independence.

Nigeria is a multiparty republic. The country’s territory is divided into 36 states and one Federal Capital Territory. There are 85 thousand servicemen.

Nigeria is a country located in the south-western coastal Africa. It shares borders with such countries as Niger, Benin, Cameroon, and Chad. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. Through the country flow such rivers as Niger, Sokoto, and others. Also there is a part of the Lake Chad situated in Nigeria.

According to its population, Nigeria is the largest country of Africa. It is home for 149 million people. The average population density is of 167 people per square kilometer. The annual growth is of 2.5%. There are about 200 tribes and nations in the country, the largest of which are Hausa and Fulani (in the north), and Yoruba (in the south-west). The official language is English, the calendar - Gregorian. Religion: 50% - Islam, 40% - Christianity, 10% - Traditional African beliefs.

Some facts about Nigeria

Population of country 154,000,000 people
Area of Nigeria 923,768 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Africa (AF)
Capital of Nigeria Abuja
Currency at Nigeria Naira (NGN)
Domain Zone .ng
Phone country code 234
FIPS code of Nigeria NI

Gallery of Nigeria

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Nigeria video guide

More information about Nigeria

Climate of Nigeria:
  • varies
  • equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
Terrain of Nigeria:
  • southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus
  • mountains in southeast, plains in north
Nigeria also has such useful resources as: natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land.

Top cities of Nigeria


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Lagos 9,000,000 people Lagos 6.45306 x 3.39583
2 Kano 3,626,068 people Kano State 11.99435 x 8.51381
3 Ibadan 3,565,108 people Oyo State 7.38778 x 3.89639
4 Kaduna 1,582,102 people Kaduna State 10.52224 x 7.43828
5 Port Harcourt 1,148,665 people Rivers State 4.77742 x 7.0134
6 Benin City 1,125,058 people Ekpoma 6.33504 x 5.62749
7 Maiduguri 1,112,449 people Borno State 11.84644 x 13.16027
8 Zaria 975,153 people Kaduna State 11.11324 x 7.72518
9 Aba 897,560 people Abia State 5.10658 x 7.36667
10 Jos 816,824 people Plateau State 9.91667 x 8.9
11 Ilorin 814,192 people Kwara State 8.5 x 4.55
12 Oyo 736,072 people 7.85 x 3.93333
13 Enugu 688,862 people Enugu State 6.4402 x 7.4943
14 Abeokuta 593,100 people Ogun State 7.15 x 3.35
15 Abuja 590,400 people Abuja Federal Capital Territory 9.05735 x 7.48976
16 Sokoto 563,861 people Sokoto State 13.06092 x 5.23902
17 Onitsha 561,066 people Anambra 6.14543 x 6.78845
18 Warri 536,023 people Delta State 5.51667 x 5.75
19 Calabar 461,796 people Cross River State 4.9517 x 8.322
20 Katsina 432,149 people Katsina State 12.98943 x 7.60063
21 Akure 420,594 people Ondo State 7.25256 x 5.19312
22 Bauchi 316,149 people Bauchi 10.31344 x 9.84327
23 Ebute Ikorodu 313,439 people Lagos 6.60086 x 3.48818
24 Makurdi 292,645 people Benue State 7.7411 x 8.5121
25 Minna 291,905 people Niger State 9.61389 x 6.55694
26 Effon Alaiye 279,319 people 7.65 x 4.91667
27 Ilesa 277,904 people Osun State 7.61667 x 4.73333
28 Owo 276,574 people Ondo State 7.1962 x 5.58681
29 Umuahia 264,662 people Abia State 5.52627 x 7.48959
30 Ondo 257,005 people 7.1 x 4.83333

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