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Mexico City

Mexico City - description of the city:

Mexico City is the capital of Mexico, located in the south of the Central Mexican Plateau, in the intermountain basin at an altitude of 2240 m. It is an independent administrative unit (Federal District). Mexico City is the oldest city of the New World. It was founded in about 1325 by Aztec Indians, although, there already was a settlement in this area. The Aztecs gave the city the name of Tenochtitlan. First, it was a fortress island in Lake Texcoco, and then the city grew and became the capital of the Aztec state. By the time the Spaniards came there, Tenochtitlan was one of the largest cities in the world. Its population was about 500 thousand people. In 521, the city was destroyed by the conquistadors led by Cortés. The Aztec king Montezuma was taken prisoner, calling his citizens from the walls of the palace to submit to the Spaniards and then was killed by outraged Indians, who stoned him. On the territory of Tenochtitlan Cortes actually founded a new city, which became the capital of the colony of New Spain, and was given the name of Mexico City. Since 1.821, it is the capital of an independent Mexico.

The city currently has 20 million inhabitants. There is an international airport and a subway, which is considered the best in Latin America. Main industries include food-processing, textile, clothing, footwear, pharmaceutical, printing and publishing, as well as electrical, automobile assembly, metalworking, and cement industry. In 1551 in Mexico City, was founded the first university that has become the largest National Autonomous University in Latin America. Currently in Mexico City there are 18 other institutions of higher education of various fields. There is a great variety of museums. The most interesting of these are: the National Museum of Anthropology, the National Museum of Plastic Arts, the Museum of Contemporary Art "Poliforum" (with paintings of David Alfaro Siqueiros), the National History Museum, the Gallery of paintings and sculptures of San Carlos, the Museum of Religious Art, the Museum of Cultures, and the Museum of Folk Art and Crafts. The suburbs of Mexico City keep monuments of ancient architecture: the Pyramid of Cuicuilco (450 B.C., one of the oldest in America) and the Aztec pyramid in Tenayuca. The central part of Mexico City has a rectangular layout; ancient palaces and churches are combined with skyscrapers of glass and metal. In the place where once stood the palace of Montezuma, is now the National Palace (17th century, completed in the 20th century.). Next we can see the imposing cathedral (16-18th centuries). The city is full of monasteries of 16-19th centuries. Modern architectural complexes include the Campus (1949-54), the stadiums - Olympic (1951-53), "Azteca" (1968), and numerous modern buildings with mosaics and paintings of Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros. XIX Olympic Games were held in 1968 in Mexico City. There are frequent dust storms and earthquakes (in 1985 - one of the most destructive).

Country Mexico
International title Mexico City
Population 12,294,193 people
Timezone America/Mexico_City
State The Federal District
Geographic coordinates Latitude: 19.42847 x Longitude: -99.12766

Photo Galery Mexico City

Mexico City - places of Interest
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Travel across Mexico City
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The main attractions of Mexico City
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History and present of Mexico City
#05: History and present of Mexico City History and present of Mexico City Mexico City
Spending days in Mexico City
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The beauty of Mexico City
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Walks across Mexico City
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Unknown Mexico City
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Nowadays of Mexico City
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Places to visit in Mexico City
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Famous Landmarks of Mexico City
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Famous places of Mexico City
#14: Famous places of Mexico City Famous places of Mexico City Mexico City

Mexico City video guide

Places to visit in Mexico City

  • Museo Nacional de Antropología
  • Castillo de Chapultepec
  • Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe
  • Templo Mayor
  • National Palace (Mexico)
  • El Ángel
  • Zócalo
  • Sagrario Metropolitano
  • Torre Latinoamericana
  • Palacio de Bellas Artes

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