Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
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Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

Country Germany
City Berlin

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Photo Gallery

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 01 photo Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 01 photo
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 02 photo Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 02 photo
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 03 photo Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 03 photo
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 04 photo Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe: 04 photo

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Description

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also referred to by some as the Memorial of the Holocaust, is a structure in the capital city of Germany, Berlin. It commemorates the deaths of the Jewish victims during the second World War and the Holocaust, and it was conceived and designed by Peter Eisenmann. It covers almost five acres, and there are nearly 3,000 concrete slabs set up on a grid on a field that slopes downward. The slabs are called “stelae”. The stelae are roughly seven feet long and three feet wide, and they range in height from eight inches to 15 feet. According to the project text from Eisenman, the stelae are crafted to create a confusing, uneasy, and uncomfortable feeling, and the entire sculpture attempts to symbolize a basically ordered system that had disconnected with human compassion and reason. The official pamphlet, however, describes the design as representing a radical orientation to the classic idea of a memorial, partially because Eisenman tried not to have any symbolism. Although, some people have observed that the memorial resembles a cemetery. There is a subterranean “Place of Information” that has information on all the known Jewish people that died in the Holocaust, sent in from Yad Vashem, a museum in Israel. 

Construction began on the site in 2003, and it was completed in late 2004. It was officially inaugurated in 2005, six decades after the close of the second World War, and the public was granted access to it shortly thereafter. It cost almost €25 million to build. 

The memorial has been the subject of some debate, and a prominent Jewish community leader described it as unnecessary.

The memorial is near the Brandenburg Gate in the center of Berlin. The memorial is just a stele field, and you can approach it and walk through it on all sides. It is one of the most ideal places to meditate on the victims of the Holocaust. 

The architect, Peter Eisenmann, decided on a grid-like structure, and it made the whole memorial seem eerily haunting. The terrain is unevenly inclined. You can enter the structure on any one of four sides, and you can see it from a different perspective depending on where you enter. 

It has a truly remarkable design, and it was revised several times over. The architect of the memorial took a radical approach to monument design. There is also an underground information center, which was designed by the same architect, and visitors can learn about the Holocaust victims when they go inside. 

If you tell a taxi driver in Berlin, “Get me to the memorial”, he will know which one you’re talking about without having to ask you. Since the memorial opened in 2005, it has become one of the most remarkable tourist attractions in Berlin. However, there is still some contention surrounding it. 

The nearly 3,000 concrete blocks are substantive, stark, and leave a big impression. It almost feels like the memorial has always been there. People have almost forgotten about the debates about whether there should even be a Holocaust memorial right in the center of Berlin. 

Many visitors bring wreaths, flowers, light candles, and lay stones. 

The underground information center is heavily trafficked. The idea behind the information center is that it should supplement the abstract example of remembrance on the stele field through information on the Holocaust. One example of how this explication takes place is through information about families that went through the Holocaust. There are names, mini-biographies, and photographs of some of the victims of the Holocaust. There is also data on more than 200 places where Jewish persecution and extermination happened in Europe. The center is almost like a one-stop shop for information on the memorials in Germany and Europe. The goal of the Memorial is to ensure that Holocaust remembrance stays present in the minds of people around the world.

Tourism Information 

The memorial is open day and night in the capital city of Germany, Berlin.

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