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Manhattan

Manhattan - description of the city:

Of the 5 boroughs of New York City, Manhattan is the most densely populated. This area consists mainly of Manhattan Island. It also consists of several smaller islands as well as a portion of the mainland. The eastern part of the island is bordered by the Harlem and Hudson rivers. The area has been described as being the cultural and economic center of America. The area also has the most profound levels of income inequality in the country. 

The United Nations Headquarters is located in Manhattan. In the lower part of Manhattan, Wall Street is located. This is often referred to as the financial capital of the world. The GDP estimate for Wall Street is more than $1.2 trillion. The New York Stock Exchange as well as NASDAQ is located in Manhattan as well. The cost of living in Manhattan is higher than anywhere else in the United States. There are also many multinational media conglomerates that have their base here. 

The county of New York is the most densely populated in the country and even in the world. The estimated population according to the 2013 census was 1,626,159. During the business week, the influx of people commuting to the city increases the amount of people in the area to over 3.9 million. This works out to be around 170,000 people for each square mile. This is also one of the wealthiest areas in the country as the per capita income for the area was over $100,000 as of 2010. 

There are many landmarks and districts that have become quite popular with visitors to the area. The Broadway Theater District is at the center of Times Square. This is one of the busiest pedestrian’s intersections in the world. It is also one of the centers for the world’s entertainment industry. Manhattan is also the home of many great skyscrapers, parks, and bridges. Chinatown has the highest concentration of Chinese individuals in the entire western hemisphere. 

There are several universities and colleges located in Manhattan including; New York University, Columbia University, Rockefeller University, and Cooper Union. Each of these has been ranked in the top 50 colleges and universities of the world.

History 

The Lenape Native Americans occupied the area that is now referred to as Manhattan for a very long time. Giovanni da Verrazano, a Florentine Explore, in the year 1524, was sailing for the French King Francis the first. He was the first European to visit what would eventually become New York City. Verrazano entered the Narrows on his ship called La Dauphine. He named the area New Angouleme. He sailed into the area far enough to see the Hudson River, which he reported as being a “very large river.” 

This area was not mapped until Henry Hudson explored it. He visited the area and met the people who lived there in the year 1609. He traveled up the river that would eventually be named for him, until he reached the area that is now Albany, New York. 

In 1624, a permanent European residency began in the area. Construction of Fort Amsterdam was started in 1625. The island of Manhattan was chosen for the fort as a way to protect new arrivals to the area. The establishment of the citadel is considered to be the birthday of New York City. According to one document, the Dutch colonists purchased the land in 1626 from Indians for trade goods that were worth about 60 guilders, which was about $24. That is about $1050 in today’s currency.

The last Dutch general that was appointed to the colony was Peter Stuyvesant. New Amsterdam officially became a city in 1653. In the year 1664, New Amsterdam was conquered by the English and renamed New York after the Duke of York. 

In 1765, representatives from the 13 colonies met at the Stamp Act of Congress to oppose British rule. This congress resulted in a document called the Declaration of Rights and Grievances. This is the document that claimed the well-known phrase, “no taxation without representation.” This was the first time that the colonies cooperated in political aim that was unified. This laid the foundation for Continental Congresses that followed. 

Throughout history the city has seen its share of diversity. The most recent acts against the city include the September 11th attacks in 2001. This was when 2 planes were flown into the World Trade centers. Over 2600 people died in the attacks, not including the people that were on the planes. Since the attack the city has been restored. 

In the fall of 2012, the city was hit by hurricane Sandy. The hurricane caused extensive damage throughout the borough. There was severe flooding combined with high winds that caused power outages to hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses.

Culture 

The city of Manhattan has seen many important cultural movements in the country. In the year 1912, approximately 20,000 workers marched on the Washington Square Park in order to commemorate the fire that occurred at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory that killed 136 employees. 

In the 1920s, the Harlem Renaissance established the literary canon for African Americans. The art scene of the 50s and 60s were a center for the pop movement in America. This gave birth to superstars such as Roy Lichtenstein and Jasper Johns. Andy Warhol is perhaps the most notable pop artist from the 70s. 

Broadway is typically considered to be the highest