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Kazakhstan

Description of Kazakhstan

The Republic of Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world and the largest landlocked country. It is located in the central Asia.

History, Map and Language

The first evidence of inhabitance in this country is found to be in the 11th century. People of different cultures migrated here for trade and got settled permanently. It was the primary trade route for silk during that time. In the 13th century, Mongolians invaded the country and established their empire here. Kazakhstan people used to live a nomadic life during this period. And livestock is the major source of income. During the 15th and 16th century, a new culture of the natives emerged with a separate language and economy. This culture was called Kazakh. With time, the disputes between the natives and Southern neighbors kept increasing. The Kazakhs gained control of large lands and grew over many parts of the Russia during the 17th century. In the 19th century, the Russian Empire took their land settled in the region. Russians developed the administrative system here. Finally in 1991, Independence was declared by Kazakhstan.

The country covers a large area of 2,724,900 sq km and has the population of about 18 million. You will see Russian and China as neighbors of this country on the map. Astana is the capital city. Russian is the official Kazakhstan language while a large part of the population speaks Kazakh.

Culture and Holidays

The country has a very diverse culture. About 60% people of the population are Kazakhs and 25% are Russians. People of many other origins live here. Kazakhstan anthem is very popular in the neighboring regions. Sports are a great part of culture today. Many games, including football, ice hockey and cycling, are played on high levels. The film industry of Kazakhstan is also very popular and advanced. Besides that, the food of the country is famous in many different parts of the world.

The international women’s day is celebrated on a large scale to promote equal rights for Kazakhstan women. Many other national and international holidays are celebrated.

Climate and Weather

Due to the large are of the country, climate can vary a lot. Temperature can go as low as -50 degrees Celsius in some regions during the winters. In summers, it can rise up to 30 degrees. Every season in this country shows its full extent, whether summer, winter, autumn or spring. For someone who loves changes in weather, it is a perfect place.

Travel and Tourism

Tourism is not a major industry in the country, but it is still promoted by the government. Transport and accommodation are very easily available in almost every corner of the country. Kazakhstan is very well connected to the rest of the world through planes. You can easily plan and arrange to travel here.

Vacation and Destination

Kazakhstan is not particularly a vacation destination. Most of the people that come here are on a business trip. But this does not mean that you cannot plan a vacation. There are plenty of destinations here.

Some facts about Kazakhstan

Population of country 15,340,000 people
Area of Kazakhstan 2,717,300 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Asia (AS)
Capital of Kazakhstan Astana
Currency at Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT)
Domain Zone .kz
Phone country code 7
FIPS code of Kazakhstan KZ

Gallery of Kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan video guide

More information about Kazakhstan

Climate of Kazakhstan:
  • continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
Terrain of Kazakhstan:
  • vast flat steppe extending from the Volga in the west to the Altai Mountains in the east and from the plains of western Siberia in the north to oases and deserts of Central Asia in the south
Kazakhstan also has such useful resources as: major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium.

Top cities of Kazakhstan


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Almaty 2,000,900 people Almaty Qalasy 43.25 x 76.95
2 Karagandy 451,800 people 50.06667 x 54.86667
3 Qaraghandy 451,800 people Qaraghandy Oblysy 49.79889 x 73.09944
4 Shymkent 414,032 people Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 42.3 x 69.6
5 Taraz 358,153 people Zhambyl Oblysy 42.9 x 71.36667
6 Astana 345,604 people Astana Qalasy 51.1801 x 71.44598
7 Pavlodar 329,002 people Pavlodar Oblysy 52.3 x 76.95
8 Ust'-Kamenogorsk 319,067 people East Kazakhstan 49.97889 x 82.61028
9 Qyzylorda 300,000 people Qyzylorda Oblysy 44.85278 x 65.50917
10 Semey 292,780 people East Kazakhstan 50.41111 x 80.2275
11 Aqtobe 262,457 people Aktyubinskaya Oblast' 50.27969 x 57.20718
12 Qostanay 210,000 people Qostanay Oblysy 53.16667 x 63.58333
13 Petropavlovsk 200,920 people Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 54.87528 x 69.16278
14 Oral 200,000 people Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy 51.23333 x 51.36667
15 Taldyqorghan 200,000 people 45 x 77.91667
16 Atyrau 180,000 people Atyrau Oblysy 47.11667 x 51.88333
17 Temirtau 170,600 people Qaraghandy Oblysy 50.05444 x 72.94833
18 Aktau 147,443 people Mangistauskaya Oblast' 43.65 x 51.2
19 Kokshetau 124,444 people Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 53.2775 x 69.38833
20 Rudnyy 124,000 people Qostanay Oblysy 52.95944 x 63.12056
21 Ekibastuz 121,470 people Pavlodar Oblysy 51.66667 x 75.36667
22 Taldyqorghan 116,558 people Almaty Oblysy 45.01556 x 78.37389
23 Zhezqazghan 104,357 people Qaraghandy Oblysy 47.78333 x 67.76667
24 Turkestan 97,360 people Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 43.33333 x 68.25
25 Balqash 81,364 people Qaraghandy Oblysy 46.84806 x 74.995
26 Sarkand 76,919 people Almaty Oblysy 45.41 x 79.91861
27 Baykonyr 70,000 people Bayqongyr Qalasy 45.61667 x 63.31667
28 Kentau 57,408 people Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast' 43.52194 x 68.51083
29 Ridder 52,664 people East Kazakhstan 50.355 x 83.51333
30 Qulsary 51,216 people Atyrau Oblysy 46.95307 x 54.01978

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