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Indonesia

Description of Indonesia

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, consisting of five large islands and 30 groups of small islands. The archipelago includes 13,677 islands, 6000 of which are inhabited. Extending for 5120 km (3200 miles) from the Asian continent to the Australian one, the archipelago separates the Pacific and Indian Ocean along the equator. The largest islands are Sumatra, Kalimantan, the most populated island of Java, Sulawesi and Irian. Indonesia shares the island of Kalimantan with Malaysia (two-thirds belong to Indonesia), and the island of Irian Jaya with Papua New Guinea. Every single island has its own character; each differs from others by its beauty, culture and historical development.

Geographically, the island of Bali is located in the center of the Indonesian (Malay) Archipelago - a vast chain of islands stretching from the Indian to the Pacific Ocean. The archipelago lies on the ancient trade routes linking Europe, the Middle East, India and China. Bali is a province within the Republic of Indonesia, the main city of which is Denpasar. The air gateway of the island of Bali is the international airport Ngurah Rai located near Denpasar. Bali occupies an area of 5633 square kilometers. Bali is noisy, colorful, lively and charming island - one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world.

Bali is a sample of predominantly agrarian society, despite the urbanization of Southern Bali in the 80's and 90's of the XX century. Bali and Lombok were major producers of rice in Indonesia until the middle of XX century, when the earth began to dwindle. Since then, the government has encouraged the increase of crop rotation, especially with respect to such consumer cultures, like coffee, vanilla, cloves, tobacco and citrus. Now tourism is increasingly being developed here. There are almost no alternatives. Marine and coastal resources have never been energetically developed, possibly due to a healthier climate of rice-growing regions; until the development of tourism industry, the products of coastal areas were only coconuts and salt. Fishing remains the poor’s occupation. The real industrialization slightly affected the island. In Southern Bali, craft has been developed, and in Kuta - the production of clothes. Although the trade is based on the work of the locals, workmen from other poorer islands, ready to work for scanty earnings, are also engaged. On the other hand, home-based production has allowed the economy of Bali to become less dependent on agriculture, and thus to avoid the mass outflow of agricultural workers.

Some facts about Indonesia

Population of country 242,968,342 people
Area of Indonesia 1,919,440 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Southeast Asia (AS)
Capital of Indonesia Jakarta
Currency at Indonesia Rupiah (IDR)
Domain Zone .id
Phone country code 62
FIPS code of Indonesia ID

Gallery of Indonesia

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Indonesia video guide

More information about Indonesia

Climate of Indonesia:
  • tropical
  • hot, humid
  • more moderate in highlands
Terrain of Indonesia:
  • mostly coastal lowlands
  • larger islands have interior mountains
Indonesia also has such useful resources as: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver.

Top cities of Indonesia


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Jakarta 8,540,121 people Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta -6.21462 x 106.84513
2 Surabaya 2,374,658 people East Java -7.24917 x 112.75083
3 Medan 1,750,971 people North Sumatra 3.58333 x 98.66667
4 Bandung 1,699,719 people West Java -6.90389 x 107.61861
5 Bekasi 1,520,119 people West Java -6.2349 x 106.9896
6 Palembang 1,441,500 people South Sumatra -2.91673 x 104.7458
7 Tangerang 1,372,124 people West Java -6.17806 x 106.63
8 Makassar 1,321,717 people South Sulawesi -5.14 x 119.4221
9 Semarang 1,288,084 people Central Java -6.9932 x 110.4203
10 Depok 1,198,129 people West Java -6.4 x 106.81861
11 Masjid Jamie Baitul Muttaqien 1,000,000 people West Java -6.36836 x 107.9558
12 Mamuju 938,254 people Provinsi Sulawesi Barat -2.6748 x 118.8885
13 Padang 840,352 people West Sumatra -0.94924 x 100.35427
14 Bandarlampung 800,348 people Provinsi Lampung -5.42544 x 105.25803
15 Bogor 800,000 people West Java -6.59444 x 106.78917
16 Malang 746,716 people East Java -7.9797 x 112.6304
17 Pekanbaru 703,956 people Provinsi Riau 0.53333 x 101.45
18 Yogyakarta 636,660 people Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta -7.78278 x 110.36083
19 Situbondo 600,000 people East Java -7.70623 x 114.00976
20 Banjarmasin 572,837 people South Kalimantan -3.32442 x 114.591
21 Surakarta 555,308 people Central Java -7.55611 x 110.83167
22 Cimahi 493,698 people West Java -6.87222 x 107.5425
23 Pontianak 455,173 people West Kalimantan -0.03333 x 109.33333
24 Manado 451,893 people North Sulawesi 1.487 x 124.8455
25 Balikpapan 433,866 people East Kalimantan -1.26753 x 116.82887
26 Jambi 420,323 people Provinsi Jambi -1.6 x 103.61667
27 Denpasar 405,923 people Bali -8.65 x 115.21667
28 Ambon 355,596 people Provinsi Maluku -3.71667 x 128.2
29 Samarinda 355,160 people East Kalimantan -0.5 x 117.15
30 Mataram 318,674 people Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat -8.58333 x 116.11667

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