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Germany

Description of Germany

Germany is a country in Central Europe. Countries that share a common border with Germany are Denmark (68 km) in the north; the Netherlands (577 km), Belgium (167 km), Luxembourg (138 km) and France (451 km) in the west; Switzerland (334 km), Austria (784 km) and the Czech Republic (646 km) in the south and Poland (456 km) in the east. The capital of Germany is Berlin. The country is home for 81.5 million people. It is washed by the Baltic and North Seas in the north. Germany is a member of the European Union, NATO, International Monetary Fund, WTO, OSCE, and a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.

Germany’s relief includes medium-altitude mountains, the North German plain, the Swabian-Bavarian Elevation of the Alps. The medium-altitude mountains of Germany (its height overpass 1000 m above sea level) is a part of a broad mountain arc, which connects central France and central Poland. In the south, the Bavarian plateau extends to the northern mountain ranges of the Alps. The highest point of the country is the Mount Zugspitze (2963 m above sea level). On the border of Germany and Switzerland, the country's largest lake, Lake Constance, through which flows the Rhine, is situated. The longest European river Danube originates in the mountains of Germany called Black Forest.

The relief of Germany increases from north to south. In the south, the Bavarian plateau is bordered by high mountain ranges of the Alps. The highest peak of the Alps is located on the border of Italy and France, called Mont Blanc (altitude of 4808 m). In the north of the country, there is the North German plain, with its moraine hills and patches of outwash terrain; to the south of the plain, there are elevations, low and medium-altitude mountains (600 – 1400 m), the Rhenish Slate Mountains, the Harz, the Bohemian Forest, the Black Forest, the Sumava, and others.

Some facts about Germany

Population of country 81,802,257 people
Area of Germany 357,021 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Germany Berlin
Currency at Germany Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .de
Phone country code 49
FIPS code of Germany GM

Gallery of Germany

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Germany video guide

More information about Germany

Climate of Germany:
  • temperate and marine
  • cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers
  • occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
Terrain of Germany:
  • lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
Germany also has such useful resources as: coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land.

Top cities of Germany


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Berlin 3,426,354 people Land Berlin 52.52437 x 13.41053
2 Hamburg 1,739,117 people Hamburg City 53.55 x 10
3 Muenchen 1,260,391 people Bavaria 48.13743 x 11.57549
4 Koeln 963,395 people North Rhine-Westphalia 50.93333 x 6.95
5 Frankfurt am Main 650,000 people Hesse 50.11667 x 8.68333
6 Essen 593,085 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.45 x 7.01667
7 Stuttgart 589,793 people Baden-Wuerttemberg 48.78232 x 9.17702
8 Dortmund 588,462 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.51667 x 7.45
9 Dusseldorf 573,057 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.22172 x 6.77616
10 Bremen 546,501 people Bremen 53.07516 x 8.80777
11 Hannover 515,140 people Lower Saxony 52.37052 x 9.73322
12 Leipzig 504,971 people Saxony 51.33962 x 12.37129
13 Duisburg 504,358 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.43333 x 6.75
14 Nuremberg 499,237 people Bavaria 49.44778 x 11.06833
15 Dresden 486,854 people Saxony 51.05089 x 13.73832
16 Wandsbek 411,422 people Hamburg City 53.56667 x 10.1
17 Bochum 385,729 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.48333 x 7.21667
18 Bochum-Hordel 380,000 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.50168 x 7.1756
19 Wuppertal 360,797 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.26667 x 7.18333
20 Berlin Pankow 356,019 people Land Berlin 52.56926 x 13.40186
21 Bielefeld 331,906 people North Rhine-Westphalia 52.03333 x 8.53333
22 Berlin Mitte 329,078 people Land Berlin 52.52003 x 13.40489
23 Berlin Wilmersdorf 317,190 people Land Berlin 52.50097 x 13.29097
24 Bonn 313,125 people North Rhine-Westphalia 50.73333 x 7.1
25 Mannheim 307,960 people Baden-Wuerttemberg 49.48833 x 8.46472
26 Berlin Steglitz Zehlendorf 290,506 people Land Berlin 52.43485 x 13.24183
27 Marienthal 287,101 people Hamburg City 53.56667 x 10.08333
28 Karlsruhe 283,799 people Baden-Wuerttemberg 49.00472 x 8.38583
29 Wiesbaden 272,432 people Hesse 50.08333 x 8.25
30 Muenster 270,184 people North Rhine-Westphalia 51.96236 x 7.62571

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