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Finland

Description of Finland

Finland is located in the northern part of Europe and shares borders with Sweden, Norway, and Russia. The country is fairly modern and offers comfortable small cities and towns as well as unspoiled nature. There are around 188,000 lakes in the country and about as many islands. The northern lights are often seen in the northern most part of Finland during the winter months. Midnight sun can be seen during the summer months. The people of Finland have also claimed that Korvatunturi, a mythical mountain, as being the home to Santa Claus.

Finland may be one of the more technologically advanced countries of the world, but the people still prefer to visit their summer cottages during the warmer months of the year to enjoy relaxing past times such as swimming, fishing, saunas, and barbecues. Finland today has a unique language and culture that truly sets it apart from all of Nordic Europe.

History

There is not much known about the early history of the country as archaeologists still debate where and win the tribe of Finno-Ugric speakers appeared. Tacitus, a Roman historian has mentioned a primitive and quite savage tribe called Fenni in 100 AD and states that the Vikings chose not to settle in the area because of them.

During the middle of the 1150s the Swedish set out to Christianize and conquer the Finnish pagans. Most of the country was incorporated as part of Sweden by Birger Jarl in the year 1249. Finland remained a part of Sweden until around the 19th century. There was a constant battle over the area of the country in the east with Russia and there were 2 brief occupations by Russia. Sweden was finally defeated during the Finnish War of 1808 and 1809 and Finland was put under Russian Rule.

Russian rule over the country was alternated between repression and tolerance. There was a significant independence movement within the country and revolutionary chaos ensued during 1917. Independence was declared in December of 1917 with Russia giving assent. However, a civil war quickly erupted between the socialist reds and conservative whites. The Whites would eventually win.

During the second world war, Finland was attacked during the Winter War by Russia. They fought and Russia conquered around 12% of Finnish land. Finland took Germany on as an ally, but were unsuccessful in trying to gain back the territory that was lost. Finland then had to turn on Germany as a peace condition. During WWII Finland fought 3 separate wars and ended up losing a lot of Karelia and Vyborg.

When the war ended Finland became a grey zone between the west and the Soviet Union. Finland remained neutral during the cold war and avoided a communist government during that time.

Cities and Towns in Finland

There are several cities and towns worth visiting in Finland. Helsinki is the only real city of the country and it is the capital. It is often called the “daughter of the Baltic.” Jyvaskyla is a university town that is located in the central part of the country. Kuopio is another university town that is located near the Lakeland area. Oulu is a tech town located at the end of Gulf of Bothnia. Rovaniemi is the largest European town when measuring surface area and it is also the gateway into Lapland. Seinajoki is growing at a fast race and is where many important festivals are held throughout the year.

Tampere is the biggest industrial town of Finland. It is the home of music, art, museums, and culture. It offers one of the best music scenes of the country.

Top Sites of Finland

Some of the top sites of the country include:

  • Suomenlinna Sea Fortress: a UNESCO world heritage site the sea fortress is a 15 minute trip by ferry from Helsinki.
  • Helsinki: a great city that cannot be matched on a warm summer day
  • Turku: offers historical sites that are great to view from the back of a ferry
  • Porvoo: wonderful wooden houses dot this town, which is the 2nd oldest of the country
  • Olavinlinna Castle: the most atmospheric castle of Finland, an Opera festival is held here each year.
  • Hameenlinna Castle is the oldest castle of the country and was built in the 13th century
  • Northern lights in the northern part of the country during the winter
  • Icebreaker cruises

Some facts about Finland

Population of country 5,244,000 people
Area of Finland 337,030 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Finland Helsinki
Currency at Finland Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .fi
Phone country code 358
FIPS code of Finland FI

Gallery of Finland

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Finland video guide

More information about Finland

Climate of Finland:
  • cold temperate
  • potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
Terrain of Finland:
  • mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills
Finland also has such useful resources as: timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone.

Top cities of Finland


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Helsinki 558,457 people Province of Southern Finland 60.16952 x 24.93545
2 Espoo 229,527 people Province of Southern Finland 60.2052 x 24.6522
3 Tampere 202,687 people Province of Western Finland 61.49911 x 23.78712
4 Vantaa 190,058 people Province of Southern Finland 60.29414 x 25.04099
5 Turku 175,945 people Province of Western Finland 60.45148 x 22.26869
6 Oulu 128,618 people Oulu 65.01236 x 25.46816
7 Lahti 98,826 people Province of Southern Finland 60.98267 x 25.66151
8 Kuopio 89,104 people Eastern Finland 62.89238 x 27.67703
9 Jyvaskyla 85,026 people Province of Western Finland 62.23333 x 25.73333
10 Pori 76,772 people Province of Western Finland 61.48333 x 21.78333
11 Lappeenranta 59,276 people Province of Southern Finland 61.05871 x 28.18871
12 Vaasa 57,014 people Province of Western Finland 63.096 x 21.61577
13 Kotka 54,616 people Province of Southern Finland 60.46667 x 26.91667
14 Joensuu 53,388 people Eastern Finland 62.60118 x 29.76316
15 Hameenlinna 47,261 people Province of Southern Finland 60.99596 x 24.46434
16 Porvoo 47,192 people Province of Southern Finland 60.39233 x 25.66507
17 Mikkeli 46,550 people Eastern Finland 61.68857 x 27.27227
18 Hyvinkaa 43,515 people Province of Southern Finland 60.63333 x 24.86667
19 Jarvenpaa 38,148 people Province of Southern Finland 60.47369 x 25.08992
20 Nurmijarvi 37,073 people Province of Southern Finland 60.46407 x 24.8073
21 Rauma 36,550 people Province of Western Finland 61.12724 x 21.51127
22 Lohja 35,960 people Province of Southern Finland 60.24859 x 24.06534
23 Karleby 35,586 people Province of Western Finland 63.83847 x 23.13066
24 Kajaani 35,375 people Oulu 64.22818 x 27.72657
25 Rovaniemi 34,781 people Province of Lapland 66.5 x 25.71667
26 Tuusula 34,725 people Province of Southern Finland 60.40368 x 25.02638
27 Kirkkonummi 32,920 people Province of Southern Finland 60.12381 x 24.43853
28 Seinajoki 32,149 people Province of Western Finland 62.8 x 22.83333
29 Kerava 31,347 people Province of Southern Finland 60.40338 x 25.105
30 Kouvola 31,133 people Province of Southern Finland 60.86667 x 26.7

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