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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Description of Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has several nicknames including DRC, DR Congo, Congo-Kinshasa, RDC, and DROC. The country is located in the central part of Africa and shares a border with the Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, Angola, and Zambia. The Atlantic Ocean borders the country in the west. The Democratic Republic of the Congo by area is the 2nd largest country of Africa.

History

From the 1870s through the 1920s, Belgian exploration was conducted in the country. The eastern areas of precolonial Congo were constantly being raided for slaves. King Leopold eventually would make the land his own personal property in the year 1885. He named the property the Congo Free State.

The local population was brutalized in the Free State to produce rubber. The rubber was used to develop tires for the growing number of automobiles that were being produced throughout the world. Selling rubber led to a fortune for King Leopold. He used the money to build several buildings in both Ostend and Brussels to honor his country and himself.

From 1885 through 1908, millions of the Congolese died from disease and exploitation. The population declined drastically in some areas.

In 1908, the parliament from Belgium bowed to pressure from the United Kingdom and the world and took over the land from King Leopold II. In October of 1908 parliament voted to annex it as a colony of Belgium.

Belgium Congo was involved in 2 world wars. During the first world war there was a standoff with the Germans, which turned into open warfare. A notable victory was when the Force Poblique marched into Tabora in September of 1916.

Starting in 1960 there was a growing movement from the people of Congo led by the MNC party. Patrice Lumumba won parliamentary elections and became the first president of the country.

Since gaining its independence there has been political turmoil throughout the country. The country remains in turmoil today, with the people living in the area dying at a high rate of possibly 45000 each month. Much of this death toll is because of widespread famine and disease. Nearly half of the people who die are children that are under the age of 5. There are many reports of weapon bearers destroying property, killing civilians, and being sexually violent. One study suggests that over 400,000 rapes of women occur each year in the country.

Travel Warning

The Democratic Republic of Congo is one of the most underdeveloped countries in Africa. A large portion of the country is not safe for travels or sightseeing. There are many active conflicts that are taking place in the country and because of this the tourism facilities and health care facilities are extremely limited.

Since the early part of the 1990s there has been a state of continuous conflict between the North and South Kivu. A new faction named M23 was formed in 2012 and this group has attacked and captured many towns throughout the area. The group is accused of raping and killing innocent civilians. The M23 group took over Goma in November of 2012 and the group is not stopping its path of destruction.

Anyone that is planning to visit the country for research, business or international aid will need to consult with their organization to seek guidance from experts before leaving on their trip. It is not recommended to travel to the country on your own as it is not considered a safe place to visit.

Some facts about Democratic Republic of the Congo

Population of country 70,916,439 people
Area of Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,345,410 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Africa (AF)
Capital of Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Currency at Democratic Republic of the Congo Franc (CDF)
Domain Zone .cd
Phone country code 243
FIPS code of Democratic Republic of the Congo CG

Gallery of Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Democratic Republic of the Congo video guide

More information about Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate of Democratic Republic of the Congo:
  • tropical
  • hot and humid in equatorial river basin
  • cooler and drier in southern highlands
  • cooler and wetter in eastern highlands
  • north of Equator - wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February)
  • south of Equator - wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)
Terrain of Democratic Republic of the Congo:
  • vast central basin is a low-lying plateau
  • mountains in east
Democratic Republic of the Congo also has such useful resources as: cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber.

Top cities of Democratic Republic of the Congo


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Kinshasa 7,785,965 people Ville de Kinshasa -4.32459 x 15.32146
2 Lubumbashi 1,373,770 people Province du Katanga -11.66667 x 27.46667
3 Mbuji-Mayi 874,761 people Province du Kasai-Oriental -6.15 x 23.6
4 Kisangani 539,158 people Province Orientale 0.51667 x 25.2
5 Masina 485,167 people Ville de Kinshasa -4.38361 x 15.39139
6 Kananga 463,546 people Province du Kasai-Occidental -5.89583 x 22.41778
7 Likasi 422,414 people Province du Katanga -10.98139 x 26.73333
8 Kolwezi 418,000 people Province du Katanga -10.71667 x 25.4725
9 Tshikapa 267,462 people -6.41667 x 20.8
10 Bukavu 225,389 people Province du Sud-Kivu -2.50833 x 28.86083
11 Mwene-Ditu 189,177 people -7 x 23.45
12 Kikwit 186,991 people Province de Bandundu -5.04098 x 18.81619
13 Mbandaka 184,185 people Province de l' Equateur 0.06667 x 18.26667
14 Matadi 180,109 people Province du Bas-Congo -5.81667 x 13.45
15 Uvira 170,391 people Province du Sud-Kivu -3.40667 x 29.14583
16 Butembo 154,621 people 0.15 x 29.28333
17 Gandajika 154,425 people -6.75 x 23.95
18 Kalemie 146,974 people Province du Katanga -5.94749 x 29.19471
19 Goma 144,124 people Province du Nord-Kivu -1.67917 x 29.22278
20 Kindu 135,698 people Province du Maniema -2.95 x 25.95
21 Isiro 127,076 people 2.76667 x 27.61667
22 Bandundu 118,211 people Province de Bandundu -3.31667 x 17.36667
23 Gemena 117,639 people 3.25 x 19.76667
24 Ilebo 107,093 people -4.31667 x 20.58333
25 Bunia 96,764 people 1.56667 x 30.25
26 Bumba 95,520 people 2.18333 x 22.46667
27 Beni 89,648 people 0.5 x 29.46667
28 Mbanza-Ngungu 86,356 people -5.25 x 14.86667
29 Kamina 73,557 people Province du Katanga -8.73861 x 24.99056
30 Lisala 70,087 people 2.15 x 21.51667

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