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Dallas

Dallas - description of the city:

Dallas is a big and important city in Texas, and in conjunction with Fort Worth, represents a major metropolitan area. In fact, it is the fourth largest metropolitan area in the U.S. The city is the ninth largest in the U.S., and it’s the third largest in Texas. The city’s significance rose from its significance as a center for the cotton and oil industries, and its placement along several railroad lines. Most of the city is in Dallas County, and Dallas is the county seat. Some parts of the city are located in Rockwall, Kaufman, Denton, and Collin counties, however. The city has a population of almost 1.2 million. 

The city is the biggest economic powerhouse of the 12-county metropolitan area that encompasses Arlington and Fort Worth, as well. The whole metropolitan area has a population of roughly 6.8 million. The whole metropolitan economy is the sixth biggest in the U.S., with a GDP in 2012 of roughly 420 billion. The metropolitan area led the nation with the biggest year-over-year gain in employment, and it went on to become the fourth-biggest employment center in the nation (behind Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City) with more than three million jobs that were unrelated to farming. Dallas is ranked #14 in global rankings for GDP by OECD. 

The city of Dallas was set up in 1841, and the official city incorporation happened in February of 1856. The city’s economy is mostly based on logistics transportation, medical research and healthcare, energy, computer technology, telecommunications, commerce, and banking. Dallas has the third-biggest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the U.S. Dallas is located in North Texas, and it is the primary core of the biggest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that doesn’t have any navigable connection to the sea. 

The city of Dallas was developed mainly because of construction of big railroad lines there. It became a major transportation hub in 1873. Dallas was linked up to Houston and other big cities that were also railroad cities. Quickly, Dallas became a major center of commerce, and its importance to business, transportation, and commerce has continued to this day. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Dallas had become a major commerce center, and it was the center of the harness-making and leather industries. In the 1950s and 1960s, the interstate highway system was created, and it only solidified the importance of Dallas to national commerce, transportation, and as a business hub. Just like with the railroads, north/south and east/west highways converged on Dallas. There are four big interstate highways that converge in the city, and there is a fifth interstate that loops all the way around it. Dallas has a significant financial and industrial sector and a big inland port, mostly due to the presence of the DFW International Airport, one of the busiest and biggest airports on earth.

Dallas History 

For thousands of years, different indigenous cultures inhabited the land where Dallas now sits. The Caddo people inhabited the land before the Spanish colonists laid claim to the territory of Texas in the 1700s, as part of New Spain. France also claimed the area later on, but they never did much to establish a settlement presence in the area. 

There was a treaty in 1819 called the Adams-Onis Treaty between Spain and the United States, and it set the Red River as New Spain’s northern boundary. The area was kept under Spanish rule until 1821, since Mexico declared their independence from Spain in that year. The area was then thought to be part of Mexico. A large group of mostly Anglo-America settlers declared freedom from Mexico in 1836, and they formed the Republic of Texas. Texas became a distinct nation, but it was not yet admitted to the union. 

Warren angus Ferris did a survey of the area around modern-day Dallas in 1839. A couple of years later, a settler named John Neely Bryan set up the first permanent settlement near was is now called the Trinity River, and he named that settlement Dallas. The U.S. government annexed the Republic of Texas in 1845, and Dallas County was set up the following year. The city was formally incorporated in February of 1856. 

Dallas turned into a major trading and business center with the development of railroads, and business was booming in the late 180s. It turned into a huge industrial city, and it attracted workers from all over Texas, the Midwest and the South. When the Praetorian Building was built, it towered tall at 14 stories. It was built in 1909, and it was the very first skyscraper west of the Mississippi river. It was even the tallest building in Texas for a while. When this building was built, it really marked Dallas as a prominent city. The Dallas Jockey Club was established shortly thereafter. The Dallas Jockey Club was a club for the owners of Thoroughbreds. The trotters raced at a Fort Worth-area track, and there was a Drivers Club set up as well. The rapid population increase and expansion really revved up the competition for housing and jobs. 

In November of 1863, the president was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade was on its way through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas. The top two floors of the building where Lee Harvey Oswald allegedly shot Kennedy have been turned into a historical museum detailing the former president’s accomplishments and life.

Dallas Culture 

Cuisine 

Dallas has a reputation for its barbecue, Tex-Mex cuisine, and real Mexican food. It is not so surprising, considering that Texas borders the state of Mexico. There is a large Hispanic population here, and you can get authentic Mexican food when you want it. The frozen margarita is one of the most famous products of the Dallas restaurant scene. The Ritz-Carlton Dallas Hotel has a restaurant inside, Fearing’s Restaurant, and it was reviewed as the best hotel restaurant in the U.S. by a Zagat Survey in 2009. Zagat also named the Ritz-Carlton Dallas Hotel as the best U.S. hotel in 2009, and it was ranked as the #2 hotel in the world in that same year. The only hotel it fell behind was the Four Seasons King George V in Paris, France. There are a number of well reviewed steakhouses in the Dallas area, and many of them are nationally ranked. One of the steakhouses in the Dallas area, Bob’s Steak & Chop House, is ranked #1 on the USDA Prime Steakhouses list. 

Arts 

The Arts District in the northern sphere of downtown Dallas is the site of several important arts venues, both proposed and current. Important venues in the area include the Dallas Symphony Orchestra, the Meyerson Sympohny Center, the Dallas Museum of Art, and the Nasher Sculpture Center. 

Not too far from downtown is the Meadows Museum at SMU. In 2009, the museum partnered up with “Prado on the Prairie” for a partnership lasting three years. The Prado concentrates on Spanish visual art, and it has the best collection of art from Spain in North America, with works from Plensa, Fortuny, Murillo, Velasquez, Goya, and Picasso, among others. These works, as well as additional non-Spanish works like sculptures by Moore and Rodin have drawn in a lot of visitors, and the collaboration has been so successful that the Meadows and Prado have agreed to extend their partnership. 

The Arts District is also the location of the Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts. It is a prestigious magnet school, and it has been expanded recently. 

Deep Ellum is located east of downtown Dallas, and it was first popular during the 1920s and 1930s as the main blues and jazz hot spot in the South. Famous blues and jazz arts played in Deep Ellum clubs. Now, Deep Ellum is the site of hundreds of artists that live in lofts and studios near concert venues, pubs, and bars. A big art infusion in the area is mostly due to the city have a very lax enforcement policy toward graffiti, and there are a number of public spaces like streets, sidewalks, buildings, and tunnels that are covered in mural artwork. 

Just like Deep Ellum prior to it, the Cedars area to the south of downtown Dallas has also witnessed an increasing population of artists and new entertainment venues. The art scene started to grow in the early 2000s when Southside on Lamar opened. Southside on Lamar is an old Sears warehouse that was turned into retail space, studios, and lofts. Inside the building, Southside on Lamar has the Janette Kennedy Gallery with gallery exhibitions that rotate on a regular basis, featuring national, local, and international artists. Some of the attractions in the area include Poor David’s Pub and Gilley’s Dallas. Local entrepreneur and Dallas Mavericks owner, Mark Cuban, bought land on Lamar Avenue near the Cedars Station in September of 2005, and Dallas residents think that he is going to build an entertainment complex at the site.

The thriving Bishop Arts District in Oak Cliff is the site of many studio artists that live in converted warehouses. There are walls of buildings along streets and alleyways that are painted with murals, and there are a lot of eclectic shops and restaurants in the area, as well.

There is an Office of Cultural Affairs in Dallas, and it is an official department of the city government. The office maintains six cultural areas throughout the center, is responsible for funding of local theaters and artists, initiates public art projects, and runs the classical radio station owned by the city, WRR.

Events

The most significant event in Dallas each year is the Texas State Fair, and it has been held every year at Fair Park since 1886. The fair is a huge event, and it brings in almost $350 million to the economy of Dallas each year. The Red River Shootout also brings in a large number of visitors. The Red River Shootout has the University of Oklahoma going head-to-head with the University of Texas at Austin at the Cotton Bowl. There are a number of bowl games in the city, as well. There is the Heart of Dallas Bowl, the Cotton Bowl Classic, and the Armed Forces Bowl.

There are a number of other festivals in the area, too – Cinco de Mayo, Greek Food, St. Patrick’s Day, etc.

When Victory Park opened, news channel 8 started to host a yearly New Year’s Even celebration in AT&T Plaza that the TV station hopes will remind viewers of celebrations in Times Square in New York, and they set a new attendance record on New Year’s Eve in 2011 of 32,000 people attending.

Reasons To Visit Dallas

Dallas Shopping: You probably weren’t aware that Dallas has more shopping malls than any other city in the U.S. You’ll find stores that everyone can afford to shop at. The shopping here isn’t just for elitists or those with deep pockets. Downtown Dallas has stores for everyone. Check out the Northpark Center for some really fun shopping. The mall even has a movie theater, so you can catch a show if you want to take a break from shopping.

Dallas Spas: Dallas, Texas has some very rich people, and you’re going to find a ton of spas here. It doesn’t matter if you want to spend a whole day at a spa – or just an hour – there is a spa for everyone.

The Dallas Rodeo Scene: Have you ever seen a real rodeo? It’s an experience not to be missed. The rodeo season runs from April through September. You’ll be able to see weekly competitions at the Cowtown Coliseum in Fort Worth.

Authentic Tex-Mex Cuisine: The authentic Tex-Mex cuisine is just to die for here. The Mexican food on the Dallas Tex-Mex is some of the most delicious food you can find anywhere.

Dallas is one of the most interesting, industrious, ambitious, and busy cities in the world. If you drive just outside of Dallas, you can see some great scenery, too. Consider going to the Dallas, Fort Worth Zoo, or the Botanic Gardens if you want to get some more exposure to nature.

Country United States
International title Dallas
Population 1,197,816 people
Timezone America/Chicago
State Texas
Geographic coordinates Latitude: 32.78306 x Longitude: -96.80667

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