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Canada

Description of Canada

By size, Canada is the largest country of North America and is second in size in the world, with the only country that is larger being Russia. Canada is renowned throughout the world because of its vast and mostly untouched landscape combined with its rich blend of cultures and it multifaceted history. Canada is one of the wealthiest countries in the world and is a major destination for tourists. 

Canada offers a land of rich natural beauty and vast distances. Technologically and economically it closely resembles the United States. However, there are many significant differences between the neighbors. Canada is very happy and proud of their British heritage. The country has been influenced and built by immigrants from both France and Britain. When visiting Canada, you will find that there are parts where French is the primary language, particularly near areas of New Brunswick and in Quebec. 

The country became self-governing in 1867 through an act by the British parliament. Canada is still a Commonwealth of Nations Member. By the year 1931, it had become mostly independent from the U.K. It is a medium sized country when considering the population is just 35 million, but despite its small population it has earned respect in the world for having strong diplomatic skills and for its peacekeeping efforts. 

The people of Canada enjoy a high life quality as the country often scores very high on the indices of economic freedom, civil rights respect, corruption, and others. The country has domestically displayed the willingness to negotiate compromises amongst its own population, which is a difficult task when you consider that the culture, language, and the history vary significantly throughout the entire country. 

Similar to the United States, Canada is considered a melting pot of sorts with many different minorities from around the world living throughout the country. Canadians are used to interacting and living with people who have different ethnic backgrounds regularly. Most Canadians are very friendly and understanding when approached in public.

Things to Do 

There are many chances of wildlife viewing throughout Canada. In Manitoba, you will find Riding Mountain National Park and the Parkland area are known for black bears that vary in color from black to chocolate, cinnamon, and even blond. There are belugas and polar bears in the area as well as other “watchable” wildlife. 

Canada has a rich cultural heritage. There are events and festivals held throughout the country each year celebrating the multicultural heritage of the nation. Each of the festival represents a cultural facet of the diverse population of the country. The festivals are identified by the season.

Spring 

In the spring, the months of April and May will start the music festival season for some areas of the country. The Cariblues Festival is held in Yellowknife, which is one of the Northwest Territories. Chamber music is showcased in Halifax during the Ottawa highlights concert and the Scotia Festival for Music. You will also learn about history and flowers during the Canadian Tulip Festival. 

The country is also known for the theater festivals held there including the Stratford Festival that is held in Ontario as well as the Shaw Festival that is held in Niagara on the Lake. These film festivals start in the spring and continue through to the fall.

Summer 

From the 21st of June through the first of July there are 10 days of celebration held in the country. Not every area of Canada participates in each of the celebrations. National Aboriginal Day starts on June 21st. Saint-Jean Baptiste Day is celebrated throughout Canada starting on June 24th. June 27th marks Canadian Multi-culturism Day. The festivities come to an end on the first of July with parties everywhere celebrating Canada Day. You will find the best Canada Day celebrations in Ottawa at parliament hill. 

Additionally, summer is the best season for festivals of all kinds. Many of the large cities including Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, and Edmonton, pride themselves on offering diverse festivals during the summer months. Many of these festivals are based on music such as the blues, jazz, and folk.

Fall 

Typically, the fall months are when film festivals and literary festivals are held. Those who love the spoken and written word may enjoy the Trois-Rivieres Festival, the Storytelling Festival in Halifax, or the International Author’s Festival held in Toronto. Film lovers may enjoy one of the international film festivals held in Vancouver, Montreal, or Toronto. There are also film festivals found in Newfoundland and many other places throughout the country. 

There is also a 9 day Oktoberfest held in Kitchener-Waterloo in the fall. This festival features many entertainment and cultural activities. Local venues are turned into beer gardens and take on German names for the festival’s duration. The Oktoberfest attracts more than 700,000 visitors each year. 

The fall months are also a great time to simply enjoy the outdoor splendor that the countryside has to offer.

Winter 

The winter months are when Canadians and tourists hit the slopes. There are some great ski resorts located throughout the country as well as many great hockey rinks. The world famous winter festivals are held during the late part of January into February. One of the most famous is the Carnival which is held in Quebec City as well as the Winterlude held in Ottawa. There are several winter events that take place to pay homage to the pioneers of the country. 

The month of January is dedicated to showcasing difficult international and national dance, theater, and music in Calgary. This happens during a High Performance Rodeo, which is one of the top festivals for new and experimental theater. 

British Columbia is well-known for its ski resorts and it is here where many people flock to enjoy many winter sports during the season.

Shopping 

When visiting Canada you will find that items seem to be a bit more expensive than in the United States, with some items costing as much as 50% more. The reason for this is because of a higher sales tax and the cost of importing from other countries, as well as other reason. There is very little bargaining while shopping and trying to get a lower price will typically not get you anywhere.

Some facts about Canada

Population of country 33,679,000 people
Area of Canada 9,984,670 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent North America (NA)
Capital of Canada Ottawa
Currency at Canada Dollar (CAD)
Domain Zone .ca
Phone country code 1
FIPS code of Canada CA

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Canada video guide

More information about Canada

Climate of Canada:
  • varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
Terrain of Canada:
  • mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast
Canada also has such useful resources as: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower.

Top cities of Canada


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Toronto 4,612,191 people Ontario 43.70011 x -79.4163
2 Montreal 3,268,513 people Quebec 45.50884 x -73.58781
3 Vancouver 1,837,969 people British Columbia 49.24966 x -123.11934
4 Calgary 1,019,942 people Alberta 51.05011 x -114.08529
5 Ottawa 812,129 people Ontario 45.41117 x -75.69812
6 Edmonton 712,391 people Alberta 53.55014 x -113.46871
7 Mississauga 668,549 people Ontario 43.5789 x -79.6583
8 North York 636,000 people Ontario 43.76681 x -79.4163
9 Winnipeg 632,063 people Manitoba 49.8844 x -97.14704
10 Quebec 528,595 people Quebec 46.81228 x -71.21454
11 Hamilton 504,559 people Ontario 43.23341 x -79.94964
12 Brampton 433,806 people Ontario 43.68341 x -79.76633
13 Kitchener 409,112 people Ontario 43.42537 x -80.5112
14 Surrey 394,976 people British Columbia 49.10635 x -122.82509
15 Laval 376,845 people Quebec 45.56995 x -73.692
16 Halifax 359,111 people Nova Scotia 44.64533 x -63.57239
17 London 346,765 people Ontario 42.98339 x -81.23304
18 Victoria 289,625 people British Columbia 48.43294 x -123.3693
19 Windsor 278,013 people Ontario 42.30008 x -83.01654
20 Oshawa 247,989 people Ontario 43.90012 x -78.84957
21 Gatineau 242,124 people Quebec 45.47723 x -75.70164
22 Vaughan 238,866 people Ontario 43.83341 x -79.53291
23 Longueuil 229,330 people Quebec 45.53121 x -73.51806
24 Burnaby 202,799 people British Columbia 49.26636 x -122.95263
25 Ladner 200,000 people British Columbia 49.08938 x -123.08241
26 Saskatoon 198,958 people Saskatchewan 52.11679 x -106.63452
27 Barrie 182,041 people Ontario 44.40011 x -79.66634
28 Richmond 182,000 people British Columbia 49.17003 x -123.13683
29 Regina 176,183 people Saskatchewan 50.45008 x -104.6178
30 Burlington 164,415 people Ontario 43.38621 x -79.83713

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