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Baghdad

Baghdad - description of the city:

Baghdad is the capital of Iraq, the administrative center of the Baghdad Governorate. It is a port on the Tigris River. The city was founded in 762 as the new capital of the Arab Caliphate due to a new Abbasid dynasty coming to power, who overthrew the previous Umayyad rulers, whose capital was Damascus. In the 9th - 10th centuries, it was the largest economic and cultural center of the Middle East. During the reign of the Caliph al-Mansur in Baghdad, a special department for research and translation of manuscripts was created. Here, books written in Greek, Latin, Sanskrit and other languages were translated to the Arabic language. At that time, the population of Baghdad was in constant cultural and trade relations with the countries of Western Europe, as well as with India and China. It was the residence of the Patriarch of the Nestorians, as representatives of early Islam showed greater tolerance than orthodox Christians of Rome and Byzantine Empire. Baghdad is the capital of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid, the hero of the “Thousand and One Nights” tales. In the mid-13th century, the city ​​was captured by the troops of Hulagu Khan. According to legend, the last caliph of the Abbasid dynasty ended his life, buried in the tower, which served him as a treasury. He died of starvation, lying on a pile of gold and precious stones. From the 17th century to 1917, Baghdad was part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1917, it was occupied by British troops. In 1920 – 1921, the city was the administrative center of the British mandate territory. In 1921 – 1958, it was the capital of the Kingdom of Iraq, and since 1958 – of the Republic of Iraq.

The capital has 4.5 million inhabitants. There is an international airport. The main industry is oil refining. There are also enterprises of light industry. The city has several universities and the Iraq Museum. Architectural monuments consist of Mustansiriya Madrasah (13th century), the Bab al-Wastani (13th century), the Mausoleum of Zubaida (early 13th century), the mausoleum of Musa al-Kadhim, the Golden Mosque (16th century), and others.

Country Iraq
International title Baghdad
Population 5,672,513 people
Timezone Asia/Baghdad
State Muhafazat Baghdad
Geographic coordinates Latitude: 33.34058 x Longitude: 44.40088

Photo Galery Baghdad

Places to visit in Baghdad

  • National Museum of Iraq
  • Victory Arch
  • Republican Palace
  • Baghdad Tower
  • Al-Shaheed Monument
  • Firdos Square
  • The Monument to the Unknown Soldier
  • Abu Hanifa Mosque
  • Umm al-Qura Mosque
  • Al-Kadhimiya Mosque

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